HIST 2057, Week 4
HIST 2057, Week 4 HIST 2057
Popular in The United States From 1865 to the Present
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Wilson on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2057 at Louisiana State University taught by Catherine Jacquet in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see The United States From 1865 to the Present in History at Louisiana State University.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
Week 4: 06/28 – 07/01 America in the 1920s Decade of Prosperity The beginning of modern America Development of consumer economy Us becomes wealthiest economy in he world Per capita income increases 30% Industrial output increases 60% Unemployment at 5% Productivity and Economic output Modern assembly line Automobile production rises – assembly line o 1.5 million 4.8 million cars Model T first introduced in 1908 o Henry ford made production more efficient o 93 minutes to make one model T Fords assembly line is adopted in other industries By 1929, half of all Americans own a car 1903 Henry Ford uses modern assembly line, reduced cost, quicker, more efficient Affordable cars More Americans but cars and move out to suburbs because the city was expensive dirty, and they can now drive to work Connected more rural populations with civilization o Famers have a car, can go into town more often, more mobility First time US borrowed money on a large scale o They encouraged companies to do this US on the global stage Multinational corporations dominate the economy US investments overseas exceed other nations US dollar replaces British pound US companies- 85% of the world’s card, 40% of the world’s manufactured goods Buying and controlling companies and raw materials overseas Consumer goods Advertisements rapidly change daily life Coke starts aggressively advertising Goal is to make people believe that they need these products 1 Week 4: 06/28 – 07/01 Mass entertainment 1929: more leisure activity o 80 million movie attendance Radios and phonographs o 1923 – 190,000 phonograph production o 1929 – 10 million radios Celebrity culture o Charlie Chaplin o Babe Ruth o Charles Lindbergh First transatlantic flight in 1927 Limits to prosperity Average American is buying these products on credit Uneven distribution of wealth o 1929, 1% of nation’s bank control half its financial resources o Big auto companies 4/5 of the industry o 1929, majority of families had no savings o 40% of pop in poverty o Plight of the American farmer 3 million migrate out of rural areas A lot of people move west to CA, to try and make ends meat o Mostly displaced farmers Nativism Return of the KKK Moral anxiety o Rise of religious fundamentalism Spreads into rural areas 1925 March on Robinson, half a million Immigration Restriction Immigration restriction increased o Quota Act 1921 o National Origin Act of 1924 The acts appease the widespread fear of the “alien other” o Part of the history of the invention of the “illegal aliens” Different groups at different times deemed undesirable Immigration Law 1921 Quota Act (temporary) – 357,000 per year (from Europe) 2 Week 4: 06/28 – 07/01 1924 National Origin Act o Restricts to 150,000 per year (from Europe) o National quotas – aimed at Southern and Eastern Europe No restrictions on immigration from Western Hemisphere o California farms relied on Mexican labor The “Illegal Alien” 1924 National Origin Act est. a new category – The Illegal Alien Boarder Patrol – create to keep southern and eastern Europeans out of the US o Europeans coming from Mexico and Canada Huge rise in immigration as industrialization Huge decrease in immigration during depression 3
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