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Survey of Corrections- Week 3 notes

by: Ashley Prososki

Survey of Corrections- Week 3 notes Crim 221 001

Marketplace > University of Nebraska Lincoln > Criminal Justice > Crim 221 001 > Survey of Corrections Week 3 notes
Ashley Prososki
GPA 3.33

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About this Document

These notes talk about the different types of sentencing that a judge can give to a guilty defendent. The notes also talk about the different types of prisons that someone can be sentenced to based...
Survey of Corrections
Russell Dean Smith
Class Notes
Criminal Justice, Jail, Parole
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Prososki on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Crim 221 001 at University of Nebraska Lincoln taught by Russell Dean Smith in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Survey of Corrections in Criminal Justice at University of Nebraska Lincoln.


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Date Created: 09/13/16
Week 3 Notes  Incapacitation o Crime control though incarceration, isolating them from society  Selective incapacitation  Targeting a select group of offenders whose incapacitation will do the most to reduce crime and violence  Rehabilitation o The restoration of someone to a useful place in society  Restorative Justice o Designed to repair the damage to the victim or the community  Indeterminate sentence o Sentence with min and max terms stipulated, parole eligibility is based on treatment, rehabilitation  Determinate Sentence o Fixed sentence, retribution concept  Presumptive Sentence o Presumed sentence based on sentencing guidelines (min to max) rehabilitation concept  Mandatory Sentence o Fixed sentence with mandatory release date o AKA Determinate Sentence o Mandatory minimum period of incarceration  Concurrent and Consecutive Sentence o Concurrent  Multiple sentences begin at the same time and end when the longest sentence has been served o Consecutive  Multiple sentences are served one after the other  Good Time o Method of reducing an inmates time incarcerated based on inmate’s behavior o Rehabilitative in nature (be good- get out early)  Truth in Sentencing o Laws that provide standards for sentencing, requires offenders to serve a substantial portion of their sentence, Three goals:  Issues of consistency-  Length of sentence, conditions of sentence  Reduces crime through incapacitation  Prioritizes the incarceration of certain offenses  Intermediate sanction o More severe than probation, less severe than incarceration in Jail or Prison  Fines  Restitution  Home confinement  Community service  Boot Camp  Probation o Sentence that allows the offender to remain in the community while serving their sentence  Shock probation  Short period of incarceration followed by period of probation  Invisible Punishments o Denying felons the right to vote o Allowing for the termination of rights o Establishing a felony conviction is grounds for a divorce o Restricting access to certain occupations o Barring felons from receiving public welfare  Misdemeanor Offense o Usually crime that allow for sentences of less than a year o About 90% of all court cases o Only a small percent involve incarceration  Felony offense o Crimes that can be sentences to more than a year  Sentencing Guidelines o Tool or instrument used to provide judge with assistance in identifying fait sentences, consistent with other offenders previously sentenced for similar offenses  Sentencing factors o Type of crime o Severity of injury or damage o Criminal history, job status, mental health o Organization affiliation o Ability to serve sentence o Availability of treatment programs o Recommendations on PSI o Space availability Life in Prison  Classifications o Maximum o Medium o Minimum o Community  Classification also known as “custody level”  Refers to “risk assessment”  The higher the risk, the higher the classification or custody level  Physical Plant Issues o Concertina wire (razor wire) No fence o Fence and alarm system No alarms o CCTV Less expensive design and construction o Reinforced cement and steel Indoor or outdoor yards o Lots of staff Fewer staff o Steel- expensive Consumer based products- less expensive  Inmate movement o Inmate movement is strictly controlled  Pass system  5 till to 5 after o Turnkey area o On-site inmate work assignments o All visitation on-site o Inmates have a lot of control of their movements o On and off-site work details o Off-site work release o Visitation varies from on-sit to off-site furloughs  Equipment and tool control o Key and tool control “everything is a weapon”  Key control  Staplers, scissors, paperclips  No dental floss  No smoking  Body lotions and oils  Hand sanitizers  Mouthwash  Shadow boards for tools  Purpose of key and tool control o Provide an accountability of all keys and tools with in a facility  Searches o Detection of contraband o Safety Security and Good order of the facility o Thorough and systematic searches of person, place and areas o Clothes and unclothed searches


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