Ch.2 Texas Constitution and the American Federal System
Ch.2 Texas Constitution and the American Federal System Posi 2310
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marissa Ramon on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Posi 2310 at Texas State University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Government in Political Science at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
Ch.2 The Texas Constitution and the American Federal System Constitution> the basic document that provides a framework for government and limits of what a government can do Texas Constitution> reflects the conservative nature of the state and provides for a limited government Principles of Constitutional Government popular sovereignty>the idea that power granted in state constitutions rests with the people social contract theory> the idea that all individuals possess inalienable rights and willingly submit to government to protect these rights (presented by Locke and Hobbes) Characteristics of the Texas Constitution >separation of powers >checks and balances >plural executive system (state government elects officials) different than national government because the president appoints officials The Supreme Law of the Land supremacy clause> no federal or state laws may violate the United States Constitution Power Pyramid Constitution>Government Laws>State Constitution>State Laws>Local Government Ordinances Evolution of the Texas Constitution Mexican Constitution of 1824> under a federal republic where authority was divided between the national and state government Texas State Constitution of 1827> under a unicameral legislature, designated Catholicism as the state religion, no bill of rights, didn't recognize slavery Republic of Texas Constitution of 1836> established a unitary form of government (centralized powers and opposed to federalism), two year presidential term, provided protections for religious freedom, and legalized slavery Statehood Constitution of 1845> community property which meant that both spouses equally own the value of all property acquired during marriage (not granted by all state governments), established the homestead exemption, and provided for limited executive authority, and provided for limited executive authority Confederate Constitution of 1861> same as the Constitution of 1845 except it prohibited the emancipation of slaves and allowed the state to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy Reconstruction Constitution of 1866> abolished slavery, renounced the right of future secession, and repudiated the wartime debts of the state Reconstruction Constitution of 1869: established a four year term for the governor governor could appoint most state officials and many local officials county courts were abolished public schools were centralized African Americans could vote Texans who participated in the Civil War were disenfranchised The Texas Constitution of 1876 (Current): imposed shorter term limits for office reestablished man statewide and local elected offices restricted the powers of the legislature and the governor includes list the bill of rights, powers of government, and the legislature, executive and judiciary branches *An ideal constitution...* >brief and explicit but still flexible >embodies the general principles of government >provides a broad outline of a government that is subject to interpretation >requires that formal amendments should be deliberate and significant Amending and Revision State Constitutions Texas Amendment Process requires: 1. legislative proposal (2/3 of each house must agree) 2. citizen approval (majority of voters that vote must approve the amendment >Texas allows the legislature to submit to the voters the question of calling a constitutional convention to propose amendments >some states excluding Texas allow voters to propose amendments via initiative (petition)
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