New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 4: New Orleans

by: Maria Sales

Chapter 4: New Orleans MUS 114

Maria Sales

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

September 6, 2016 notes in Jazz History
Jazz History
Madsen, Christopher A.
Class Notes
city, on, The, Gulf, creoles, Of, color, Buddy, Bolden
25 ?




Popular in Jazz History

Popular in College of Architecture, Design, and the Arts

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maria Sales on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 114 at University of Illinois at Chicago taught by Madsen, Christopher A. in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Jazz History in College of Architecture, Design, and the Arts at University of Illinois at Chicago.


Reviews for Chapter 4: New Orleans


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/13/16
September 6, 2016 Chapter 4: New Orleans The City on the Gulf  Jazz comes from a mixture of African, European, and Caribbean experiences, but it started out as a local musical practice in New Orleans.  New Orleans jazz transformed marching band and dance music into an improvised, playfully voiced, cyclic, polyphonic music played over a steady dance beat using collective improvisation Creoles of Color and Uptown Negroes  The demographics of New Orleans also contributed to the creation of jazz because it was characterized by the mingling of newly urbanized blacks with Europeanized Creoles.  New Orleans musicians eventually moved to other parts of the United States, such as Chicago, New York, and California, as part of the Great Migration.  Recording industry let jazz become available throughout the country  New Orleans is a port city. It became a nineteenth-century commercial center focusing on the slave trade on the one hand, with a distinct, more relaxed Caribbean culture on the other.  New Orleans had French, Spanish, and English speakers and was the largest, most sophisticated city in the South  Race relations were different from those in other parts of the United States. Unlike Protestant North America, New Orleans was oriented toward the Caribbean and shared many of its racial practices. For instance, slaves were allowed to retain much of their culture, including music.  North American culture recognized two categories, white and black. Caribbean culture, including that of New Orleans, recognized a mulatto culture as well. This benefited free blacks with lighter skins.  New Orleans mulatto were known as Creoles of Color. Because they were of mixed race, they had privileges and opportunities that blacks did not, including civic power, property ownership, French language skills, Catholic religious practice, decent education, and skilled trades. Creoles lost this status around 1894 with the enactment of Jim Crow laws and the U.S. Supreme Court decision in 1896.  Creoles tried to remain geographically separate from blacks by keeping to an area of the city east of Canal Street including the French Quarter. Blacks lived “uptown,” on the other side of Canal. But Jim Crow laws forced the two traditions to collide.  Uneducated “Uptown Negroes” played raucous, beat-based, orally learned, bluesy, improvised music based on rags, folk music, and marches. Creoles saw this as unprofessional, but they started teaching Uptown Negroes as well as young Creoles.  At first, Creoles got the better-paying jobs playing traditional European dances, but blacks eventually came to offer a new, alternative way of playing that appealed to audiences for different reason. 1 September 6, 2016 Buddy Bolden (1877 – 1931) and the Birth of Jazz  Although there are many myths about cornetist Buddy Bolden, it is generally accepted that he was the first important jazz musician, had a large black and Creole following, and represents the triumph of African American culture.  Known for loud and great blues playing. Unlike other New Orleans musicians, whose reputations generally rested on their musicianship and clarity, Bolden was known for his individual style. Combine this with his brief career, excessive lifestyle, competitive spirit, and charisma, and the template for later jazz and popular music stars coalesces. 2


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.