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Test 101

by: eric

Test 101 test 101


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Elements of Calculus I
Eric Zubek
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by eric on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to test 101 at University of Illinois at Chicago taught by Eric Zubek in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Elements of Calculus I in Math at University of Illinois at Chicago.


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Date Created: 09/13/16
Eric Zubek                                                                                                                                           Zubek1 ENG 161 09/12/20116 H.Doble                                               Summary 5                    Music has existed since the beginning of human civilization but the concept of a music  industry, an entity responsible for the distribution and regulation of music, has only truly existed  for the twentieth century.  Steve Albini a recording engineer and a member of the band Shellac  has witnessed the transformation of the music industry from what it was in the nineteen seventies to what it is now. The transformation of the music industry Albini claims is much more  beneficial for artists and fans alike. Steve Albini goes into much detail on why the old music  industry put artists and fans at a disadvantage. Forty years ago the internet was still an idea so the only way to attain music was through physical copies. This meant that record companies made a  significant profit off record sales. Not only did the record companies dominate the record  business but they also paid radio stations to only play the music of the company’s bands. To  further complicate the situation for bands, to gain any sort of legitimacy the bands had to be  recorded and this was rare because back then the cost to be recorded was immensely more  expensive than it is now. This already difficult industry also had massive record labels that  essentially had a monopoly on the system which made the possibility of “getting big” for a band  extremely problematic.  Without support from the record labels, independent bands received  almost no promotion aside from flyers posted on walls in the city. The bands that did sign with  record labels were no better off than the independent bands. At least the independent bands had  more control of their income. Bands that were signed to labels not only had to play free concerts  for promotional purposes but they had profits from their records and CD’s essentially stolen from                                                                                                                                           Zubek2  them by the record labels. In a process Albini calls “recouping costs” all the costs associated  with putting together a record were deducted from the bands royalties. These costs included  everything from the payment record companies gave radios to play the band’s music known as  payolas to simple shipping and freight for the physical records. The music industry in the  nineteen seventies was created to only benefit the record labels not the fans and certainly not the  musician. Steve Albini lived through those dire times for music but is glad to say that he is  optimistic for the future of the music industry.  Steve Albini claims that music has been liberated  by one invention: the internet. The internet has made it possible for everyone to have access to  music. Where music listeners were previously restricted to only listening through physical  copies, listeners could use any device with access to the internet and have the ability to listen to  any music on the world within seconds. Not only does this make the overall process of listening  to music simpler but it also lets smaller independent bands get the promotion they deserve.  Without big record labels dominating the music scene and essentially filtering out the music that  got to the public, the internet has made it possible for the bands to perform straight the listener.  Small bands now are only limited by their quality rather than whether they were not signed with  a label. The fact that smaller bands are able to get publicity now has made market richer in niche  forms of music. This has made the music ultimately more satisfying for the listeners because  now they do not have to compromise on what they want to listen to. Previously record labels  would churn out music what labels themselves thought the people should be listening to, but now the listener has access to any kind of music imaginable. To describe this market of infinite types  of music Albini uses a metaphor. Albini says this music industry is like “a fetish room where                                                                                                                                           Zubek3 everything you want to fuck or get fucked by is present “. This metaphor is accurate because  there are simply no bounds to what the listener wants. He or she or has total freedom I choosing  music they want to listen to. Bands profit immensely off of this type of music industry as well.  Bands that were never popular when they were first founded now have access to more fans thus  even bands with no support in a certain part of the world could be popular somewhere else, thus  long forgotten bands have had new life breathed into them. This music industry has been driven  by the purity and freedom of music. Albini praises this kind of system and would hate for it to be retaken by the old masters of the music industry : record companies. Their concerns that “we  need to figure out how to make the internet distribution work for everyone” are according to  Steve Albini “bullshit” because the everyone is not everyone it is for the select that would wish  for the music industry to return to what it once was and not to remain the paradise that music  creators and listeners enjoy so much.            


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