Religion 131, Week 1-2
Religion 131, Week 1-2 REL 131
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Wright on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 131 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Amy Slagle in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
Religion- comes from the Latin word “religare” which means to tie or bind together Religion as well as any other cultural aspects can be looked at from 2 perspectives: o Emic- looking from the “inside”; the point of view of a practitioner or someone who is a part of the specific religion or other cultural aspect; these people are usually concerned with the “truth” o Etic- looking from the “outside”; the point of view of someone who is not deeply involved in the religion or other cultural aspect; viewing cross-cultural application; these people are concerned with understanding the “others” and learning Some believe that humans are innately religious. Homo religious is a term used to say that humans have always made a distinction between 2 fundamental states: profane and sacred. o The profane is the human sphere, secular life. The part of the fundamental world where someone is searching for meaning o The sacred is beyond the human sphere. This is the higher power, creator, supernatural realm. This is the part of the fundamental world that provides meaning to someone. Religious structures: o Hierophany- the appearance between the sacred in the profane; when the sacred and profane meet; o Myth- technical term for stories about the sacred; not about being true or false o Ritual- performative action designed to open communication with the sacred; rights of passages or the transitions in a person’s life o Symbol- visual representation for religion o Doctrine- official, institutionally approved interpretation(s) of hierophanies; boundaries setting groups apart; this can control the interpretation of an Hierophany Religions around the world: o Christianity: 32.5%, 2.1 billion This is Christianity as a whole therefore including all 15-20 thousand denominational churches o Islam: 21.5%, 1.5 billion Steadily growing larger and spreading across the world o Nonreligious: 16% 1.1 billion Atheism: denial of the existence of the sacred Agnosticism: knowledge that the existence of the sacred is impossible Also, includes people who just don’t practice any one religion o Hinduism: 14%, 900 million o Chinese traditional religions: 6%, 394 million o Primal faiths: 6% o Sikhism: .4% o Judaism: .2% o Other faiths: .4% Mysticism: direct contact with the sacred that is unmediated; having direct contact with a deity; ex. Dreams, visions, etc Nihilism: belief that people have no moral compass, there is no right or wrong, and life really has no meaning
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