The Fall of Germany
The Fall of Germany HIST 3121
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cydney Tinsley on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 3121 at University of Colorado Denver taught by Michael Kozakowski in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see World at War 1914-1945 in History at University of Colorado Denver.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
Cydney Tinsley World at War The Collapse of Germany The US Enters the War/ The Collapse of Germany 1. Reasons the United States Entered World War 1 a. SS Lusitania was a British ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat. There were 1,000 casualties, including 100 American citizens. b. Germany decided to re-start unrestricted submarine warfare. c. Zimmerman Telegraph: A letter sent by the Germans to the Mexicans saying that if Mexico enters the war and fights against America, they will be rewarded with land. This was intercepted by the United States. 2. America declared war on April 5 , 1917 against Germany and Austria- Hungary, although it took almost a full year before full forces appeared on foreign soil. 3. 1917 a. French army group goes on strike. French military leader Petain manages to corral the strike, but the French essentially decide to take a ‘time-out’ from the war and doesn’t do much during the next year. b. Britain starts fending off submarines with the aid of US Naval ships. 4. 1918: The Fall of Germany a. German engaged in 5 of their own offensives. b. American reinforcements finally arrive and assist the British in taking down German boats thd submarines. c. On September 29 , 1918, Second in Command of the military, Ludenorff, tells the Kaiser the hard truth: They aren’t going to win this war. d. A massive food shortage in Germany limited supplies, mainly in cities. People living in the home front were limited to (per week): i. 1.8oz of meat ii. 2oz of fat iii. 0.9oz of butter iv. 5.5lbs of bread v. 4.4oz of legumes vi. 0.6lbs of flour vii. 5lbs of potatoes viii. 1lb of marmalade ix. 1pint of milk x. .04oz of sugar e. Because of the food shortages, large revolts happened in cities and ports. f. On November 10, 1918, Kaiser Wilhelm II crossed the German-Dutch border and went into exile. g. The military blamed their loss on the people, starting the ‘Back-Stab Legend’. 5. People to Know a. Sheidmann and Ebert: Leaders of the Social Democrat Party b. Erzberger: Leader of the Catholic Center Party
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