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Art-History 100 week 2 lecture note

by: Jieun Son

Art-History 100 week 2 lecture note Art His 100

Marketplace > University of Massachusetts > Art History > Art His 100 > Art History 100 week 2 lecture note
Jieun Son
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About this Document

These notes cover what is going to be in Friday (9/16) quiz.
Survey: Ancient-Medieval Art
Monika Schmitter
Class Notes
Ancient-Medieval Art, Art History 100, quiz 1
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jieun Son on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art His 100 at University of Massachusetts taught by Monika Schmitter in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Survey: Ancient-Medieval Art in Art History at University of Massachusetts.

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Date Created: 09/13/16
ART-HIS 100 I. Sacred space and kingship in the Near East and Egypt.  Fundamental change from hunter and gatherer to the farmer and herder first occurred in Mesopotamia (“The land between Rivers”).  The land mass forms a “fertile crescent.”  From border between Turkey and Syria through Iraq to Iran’s Zagros Mountain range.  Sumer(Southern Iraq) arose in the valley between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. 1. Ziggurat at Ur, c. 2100 B.C.E  Tiered Mesopotamian temple platform.  A solid mass of mud brick 50 feet high, faced with baked bricks laid in bitumen.  The loftiness of the Sumerian temple platforms made a profound impression = Tower of Babylon. o Moon Goddess Nanna  Ziggurat at Ur was built by the king Ur-Nammu of the 3 Dynasty of Ur for the moon god Nanna.  It was place where the citizens of Ur would bring agricultural surplus and receive their food allotments.  However, it has not survived. 2. Votive Statuettes from Tell Asmar, Iraq c. 2900 B.C.E  Sumerian religion comes from a cache of gypsum statuettes inlaid with shell and black limestone found in a temple at Eshnunna (Tell Asmar).  They represent mortals rather than deities.  Purpose: to offer constant prayers to the gods on their donor’s behalf, the open-eyed stares most likely symbolize the eternal wakefulness necessary to fulfill their duty.  Appearance: i. MEN- wear fringed or tufted fleece skirts, and belts. Most have beards and shoulder-length hair. ii. WOMEN – wear long-robes draped over left shoulder with right shoulder bare. 3. Imhotep, stepped pyramid of Djoser, Saqqara, Egypt, Third Dynasty, c. 2600 B.C.E.  Mastabas: type of ancient Egyptian tomb which constructed out of mud brick and stone. ART-HIS 100  Imhotep: the architect of Djoser’s pyramid.  Imhotep and Djoser decided to build mastabas on top of the first and stacked on atop another = stepped pyramid which consists six terraces.  Purpose: to protect the mummified king and his possessions and to symbolize Djoser’s godlike power. 4. Great Pyramids, Gtha, Egypt, c. 2500 B.C.E  Tomb for 4 Dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu.  They testify to the wealth and pretensions of three kings: Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure.  The tomb of Khufu is the oldest and largest.  The pyramids and symbols of the sun.  Location: Facing rising sun- They were where Egyptian kings were reborn in the afterlife, just as the sun is reborn each day at dawn – East side.  Time: Between July and October (around the annual flood)  How: i. Quarrying the blocks ii. Moving the blocks- the Egyptians would have used large sledges. iii. The sand in front of the sledge was dampened with water.  Purpose: The meaning of pyramid is protection of mummy.  Mummification: dead body ritual; they believed in revival. 5. Mask and Inner coffin of Tutankhamen from Valley of Kings, Thebes (upper Egypt), c. 1330 B.C.E  Akhenaton’s son by a minor wife, Tutankhamen ruled Egypt for a decade and died at age 18.  Made of beaten golds and inlaid with semiprecious stones.  Effect of the mask and of the tomb treasure = richness and grandeur expressive of Egyptian power, pride, and wealth.  Royal mummy reposed in the inner most of three coffins which shows Tutankhamen in the guise of Osiris and is the most luxurious of the three.


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