HIST 150C3 Week 1 August 24th Notes
HIST 150C3 Week 1 August 24th Notes HIST 150C3-001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabbie Shepard on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 150C3-001 at University of Arizona taught by Tyina Steptoe in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see U.S. Society and Institutions in Social Science at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
August 24th From Slavery to Freedom HIST 150C3 Reconstruction (1865 1877): ➢ Reconstruction was a 12 year period in the United States that occurred after the Civil War 1865 1877 ○ This process involved trying to bring the South back into the United States. ■ In 1860 through 1861, 11 states had formed their own country (From Texas through Virginia) : Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas and Mississippi. Confederate States of America: ➢ Texas, Alabama, Louisiana, Florida, Arkansas, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Virginia, Tennessee, Mississippi. 3 Characteristics of the South: ➢ Cotton drove the economy in the South. ○ The South depended heavily on the economy and the labor of slaves. ■ Very major in agriculture ■ Images of cotton and slaves were printed in the money used in this time period. ■ Virginia and North Carolina produced more tabaco. ➢ The areas in the Southern states were mostly rural areas, areas that had wide open lands, with very few buildings and few people. ○ Atlanta was the home of the railroad depot. ➢ The South was held as a home for most of African Americans that had been migrated to the United States. Southern Population Statistics: ➢ In the South 90% occupied and 1/3of the population were made of African Americans ○ Population Statistics: The South was comprised of up to 12 million people of those 12 million people 8 million of the population consisted of White people, $ million of the population consisted of Black people ○ Up to 206,600 people were freed African Americans. Labor Contracts: ➢ How to replace slave labor with free labor ○ The end of the Civil War left the South in an Economic Crisis. ➢ Chattel Slavery: A person who was enslaved were now property(an economic value). August 24th From Slavery to Freedom HIST 150C3 ○ After the Civil War this was a double loss for the slave owners: 1. They lost their slaves. 2. They have no one to tend to the crops so they lose value on their lands. Sharecropping ➢ After Civil War System Sharecropping occurred: ○ Divides land into plots. Former slaves will cultivate this plot for 1 year and kept a share of that crop that has been grown. “Quarters, Thirds and Halves”: ➢ Some sharecroppers kept half others kept onethird and many would keep onefourth of the shared crop which is very common. ➢ Negative effect: Droughts. ➢ Landowners were corrupt and cheated the sharecroppers out of ownership after doing works on the crop. ➢ White sharecroppers : The poorest white people, who lost a lot of their own land. Social Problems: ➢ Racial Hierarchy ○ Being owned by someone else at the bottom ○ Power of whites even poor whites were still higher than freed black slaves. At the ending of slavery there is a push for white and black equality. Black Codes: ➢ Reconstruction of labor and Hierarchy in the South is in the process. ➢ Laws were created limiting the freedom of all African Americans in the South ➢ *Codes varied by states but they all had the same goal ○ Curfews ○ Prohibited carrying gun ➢ Started in Mississippi in 1865 ○ Interracial Relationships Freedmen's Bureau: ➢ Sent agents into the South from the NorthEast. ➢ Every state in the had a freedmen’s Bureau and union soldiers. ○ Sharecropping contracts were main subjects for union soldiers to dispute and intervene. ➢ They also helped with giving land to former slaves in places. August 24th From Slavery to Freedom HIST 150C3 “40 acres and a Mule”: ➢ The United States took 850,000 acres of land in Georgia, South Carolina and Florida and gave every slave 40 acres and a mule. ➢ This policy ended shortly lasting from 18651866 ➢ The new federal government were in the corner of slaves: ○ Slaves families had been very unstable due to slave selling and trading.
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