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HIST 150C3 Week 1 August 24th Notes

by: Gabbie Shepard

HIST 150C3 Week 1 August 24th Notes HIST 150C3-001

Marketplace > University of Arizona > Social Science > HIST 150C3-001 > HIST 150C3 Week 1 August 24th Notes
Gabbie Shepard
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Details on the topics of Reconstruction, Southern Characteristics, Black Codes and the Freedmen's Bureau
U.S. Society and Institutions
Tyina Steptoe
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabbie Shepard on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 150C3-001 at University of Arizona taught by Tyina Steptoe in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see U.S. Society and Institutions in Social Science at University of Arizona.

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Date Created: 09/13/16
August 24th   From Slavery to Freedom  HIST 150C3  Reconstruction (1865 ­ 1877):  ➢ Reconstruction was a 12 year period in the United States that occurred after the Civil  War 1865 ­ 1877  ○ This process involved trying to bring the South back into the United States.  ■ In 1860 through 1861, 11 states had formed their own country (From  Texas through Virginia) : Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina,  Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas and  Mississippi.  Confederate States of America:  ➢ Texas, Alabama, Louisiana, Florida, Arkansas, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia,  Virginia, Tennessee, Mississippi.  3 Characteristics of the South:  ➢ Cotton drove the economy in the South.  ○ The South depended heavily on the economy and the labor of slaves.  ■ Very major in agriculture   ■ Images of cotton and slaves were printed in the money used in this time  period.  ■ Virginia and North Carolina produced more tabaco.  ➢ The areas in the Southern states were mostly rural areas, areas that had wide open  lands, with very few buildings and few people.  ○ Atlanta was the home of the railroad depot.  ➢ The South was held as a home for most of African Americans that had been migrated to  the United States.  Southern Population Statistics:  ➢ In the South 90% occupied and 1/3of the population were made of African Americans  ○ Population Statistics: The South was comprised of up to 12 million people of  those 12 million people 8 million of the population consisted of White people, $  million of the population consisted of Black people  ○ Up to 206,600 people were freed African Americans.   Labor Contracts:  ➢ How to replace slave labor with free labor  ○ The end of the Civil War left the South in an Economic Crisis.  ➢ Chattel Slavery: A person who was enslaved were now property(an economic value).  August 24th   From Slavery to Freedom  HIST 150C3  ○ After the Civil War this was a double loss for the slave owners: 1. They lost their  slaves. 2. They have no one to tend to the crops so they lose value on their  lands.  Sharecropping  ➢ After Civil War ­ System Sharecropping occurred:  ○ Divides land into plots. Former slaves will cultivate this plot for 1 year and kept a  share of that crop that has been grown.   ​“Quarters, Thirds and Halves”:  ➢ Some sharecroppers kept half others kept one­third and many would keep one­fourth of  the shared crop which is very common.   ➢ Negative effect: Droughts.  ➢ Landowners were corrupt and cheated the sharecroppers out of ownership after doing  works on the crop.  ➢ White sharecroppers : The poorest white people, who lost a lot of their own land.  Social Problems:  ➢ Racial Hierarchy  ○ Being owned by someone else at the bottom  ○ Power of whites even poor whites were still higher than freed black slaves.  At the ending of slavery there is a push for white and black equality.  Black Codes:  ➢ Reconstruction of labor and Hierarchy in the South is in the process.  ➢ Laws were created limiting the freedom of all African Americans in the South  ➢ *Codes varied by states but they all had the same goal  ○ Curfews  ○ Prohibited carrying gun  ➢ Started in Mississippi in 1865  ○ Interracial Relationships  Freedmen's Bureau:  ➢ Sent agents into the South from the NorthEast.  ➢ Every state in the had a freedmen’s Bureau and union soldiers.  ○ Sharecropping contracts were main subjects for union soldiers to dispute and  intervene.  ➢ They also helped with giving land to former slaves in places.  August 24th   From Slavery to Freedom  HIST 150C3    “40 acres and a Mule”:  ➢ The United States took 850,000 acres of land in Georgia, South Carolina and Florida  and gave every slave 40 acres and a mule.   ➢ This policy ended shortly lasting from 1865­1866  ➢ The new federal government were in the corner of slaves:  ○ Slaves families had been very unstable due to slave selling and trading. 


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