Arguments, Explanations, Unstated Premises and Conclusions
Arguments, Explanations, Unstated Premises and Conclusions 1010
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca L. Moss on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1010 at Georgia State University taught by John Jolley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Critical Thinking in Philosophy at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
Arguments and Explanations, Unstated Premises and Conclusions Thursday, September 1, 2016 12:58 PM • Argument and Explanation ○ Argument: Proof THAT something is true Premisesclaim to prove conclusion ○ Explanation: Proof WHY something is true Explanation claims to shed light on accepted fact. ○ We don't need an argument that tides exist at the beach. We all know that. However,an explanation may be beneficial. We don't defend the conclusion that tides exist, but rather explain the widely accepted fact that they do. ○ Formally, they are very different. In practice, they can feel very similar. (Page 26) • Unstated Premises/Conclusions ○ Premisesmore difficult to find If it were stated, it would make the argument clearer. However,an unstated premise still supports the conclusion. Example: Amphibian fossils found on Antarctica □ Stated Premise:used to be warmer on earth than now □ Unstated: amphibians need warmer weather to survive ○ Conclusions fairly obvious ○ Interpret unstated premises/conclusionscharitably. Assume they are really trying to make a good argument. Include their unstated premisesand conclusions when you standardize and evaluate. Stated would be 1). Unstated would be . Differentiatebetween stated and unstated in this way.
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