Week 4 notes
Week 4 notes POLS 220
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Popular in World Politics
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Popular in Political Science
POLS 220 001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Landry Notetaker on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 220 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Bryan P. Frost in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see World Politics in Political Science at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
World Politics (9.13.16) Different ways to make decisions: Neo/Corporatism: - not a mutually exclusive system - a corporatist state is one of which the major social and economic groups or organization are given privilege official positions close to or within government; have access to major political leaders and a huge influence over the shaping of policies - these organization or groups are closely related to governments - example in America o labor unions tend to vote democratic support democratic party no official position of power - In a corporatist system is where these organizations and unions are closely allied to the government - In a corporatist state, by having a strong alliance between government and organization, hope is that things would run more smoothly like a single body o Scandinavia, Austria, Germany, Mexico o Independent organizations are closely allied to government (use their autonomy and independence) - France-> closest to this structure History of the philosophical individuals who promoted liberal democracies: - Classical times (ancient Greece and Rome) Although Plato, Aristotle They were against liberalism Tolerated democracy Criticism of democracy Ruled by the people o The poor and uneducated masses rule (middle class) Makes no sense Principle of decision-making in a democracy is majority rule o Majority tyranny Can be manipulated by popular demigods o Demigods can become imperialists and warlike Criticism of liberalism A liberal open society will gravitate to the lowest possible level o Vulgarity An open society will be at war with one another (faction and discourse) An open society will never have high elevated standards o Christianity is hostile to democracy and liberalism Democracy is against the principle of divine rule Faith is an individual concern Separation of church and state= liberalism - Promoted democracy o Niccolo Machiavelli First philosophical democrat You can build a political order on a poor and stupid society They can be warlike o Rome was a sort of democracy and that’s what we should be looking towards (pagan Rome) Napoleon like Machiavelli o Thomas Hobbes Supports democracy Base democracy on the people so that we can become peaceful Peace, security, life and liberty o John Locke Let’s get rich as well (property) Turn people towards making money o Political philosophy goes into two different directions One side (lose) Beginning of German idealism o Kant o Hegel o Rousseau Beginning to see: the people in liberal democracies are ants o Go back to ancient city with genuine human soil o Losers of history Other side (win) Montesquieu o Republics or liberal democracies that are dedicated to commerce are peaceful o All should become commercial democrats Business people are peaceful people Founding Fathers o Right constitution to put these principles in practice Mill o Essays where women should be able to right o Extend the franchise Locke got it right. Let’s put it into practice - Civil society: o political order which politicians keep their hands off o Outside of politics that are private o Example: Not required outside of our political responsibilities Traveling concept: - Doesn’t travel well when applied to another country - Concepts in one country often do not mean the same as in another country - What we would consider liberalism then what Israel would consider liberalism Strong state: - Autonomy o US weak - Capacity o US strong
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