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BIO 1107 Week 1 notes

by: Kamryn Notetaker

BIO 1107 Week 1 notes BIO 1107

Kamryn Notetaker

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These are the first set of notes from 8/29/16
Special Kingdoms
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kamryn Notetaker on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIO 1107 at University of Connecticut taught by Dr.Trumbo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Special Kingdoms in Science, Biology at University of Connecticut.

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Date Created: 09/13/16
Lecture Notes 8/29/16  ★ Biological Diversity and Complexity  ○ 10­50 million species   ○ 1.5 million different species described (characteristics)  ■ Classifications  ● Kingdom Animalia  ● Kingdom Planta  Domain Eukarya (has nucleus)  ● Kingdom Protista  ● Kingdom Fungi  ● Kingdom Archaea Domain Archaea­ prokaryotes   ● Kingdom Bacteria Domain Bacteria­ (no nucleus)            ★ Hierarchial Study of Life  ○ Hierarchy of Life  ■ Molecule­ ex: DNA  ■ Organelles­ ex: Mitochondria  ■ Cell  ■ Tissue­ group of cells with a common purpose­ ex: muscle tissue  ● Histology  ■ Organ­ group of tissues with common purpose­ ex: heart  ■ Organ System­ group of organs with a common purpose­ ex: cardio  system  ■ Organism­ individual  ■ Population­ all individuals of ONE species in 1 place  ■ Community­ all individuals of ALL species in 1 place  ■ Ecosystem­ interaction of adjacent (biotic) communities and physical  environment  ■ Biosphere­ every place in the world that you find something living  ○ Reductionism­ study question at the finest level possible, up the ladder of  hierarchy, big to small, limited  ○ System Biology­ study question at as many levels as possible (interaction)  ○ Emergent Property­ property (behavior) that is produced by the interactions of  subunits  ■ Implication­could not predict by just studying the individual subunits  ○ Example: Conservation of Cheetah  ■ Endangered, lack of genetic diversity, inbred  ■ Climate, food, disease, etc…        Lecture Notes 8/29/16  ★ What is Life?  ○ Vitalists­ believe that living things have special substance or energy within them  ○ Materialists­ believe that living things are made of same substances as non­living  ○ Properties of Living Organisms  ■  Reproduce­ evolve  ■ Take in energy and use it (metabolism)  ■ Made of cells (at least 1)  ■ Respond to stimuli  ■ Growth and development  ■ Homeostasis  ● So what about viruses? Debatable­ some non­living have some  properties but not all  ● Could you make a machine living?  ★ Correlation and Causation  ○ Assume: Variable A is related (correlated) with Variable B   ■ Why?  ○ Possibilities:  ■ A causes B, A→B   ● Ex: smoking causes cancer (probabilistic)   ■ B causes A, B→A  ■ A and B are mutual causes, A⇄B  ● Ex: stress and smoking  ■ Both A and B may be caused by C          ★ Ideal View of Science  ○ Ideal View of Science  ■ Objective observations  ■ Test hypothesis/ theories  ■ Progress­ technology  ○ Cynical View of Science  ■ Subjective  ■ Many theories are equally valid  ■ Progress?  ○ Science cannot answer everything (out of bounds)         


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