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Rock and Roll Week 3 Class Notes

by: Grace Johnston

Rock and Roll Week 3 Class Notes MUS 225

Marketplace > Miami University > Music > MUS 225 > Rock and Roll Week 3 Class Notes
Grace Johnston
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About this Document

Covering the beginning of week 3
History of Rock and Roll
Dr. Thomas G. Garcia
Class Notes
terminology, Rock, and, Roll




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grace Johnston on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 225 at Miami University taught by Dr. Thomas G. Garcia in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see History of Rock and Roll in Music at Miami University.

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Date Created: 09/13/16
MUS 225 Week 3 9/13/16 Early Rock and Roll Sources of Rock and Roll • Sources varied • Mature rock raised in the mid 1960’s • British Invasion reintroduced America to seminal influences • Much based on the 50’s style • Country, pop, blues, jazz, rhythm and blues Rhythm and Blues • Came into use in the 40’s • Combination of a few different music styles • Played and performed by African Americans • Not jazz or pop- but included many styles • Pop styles adopted this bluesy tune • Inspired many gospel songs Blues- The Different Kinds and the Transition from Piano to Guitar • For most of the 20th century, blues maintained a split personality • Was the roots of Rock and Roll From three rhythm ad blues styles • • Popular after WWII • Electric blues, swing oriented • Rural and urban blues • Regional radio • Importance of advertising demographics Marketed to the AA community • • Independent record labels • Sun Records in Memphis, TN (Elvis), Chess Records in Chicago, King Records in Cincinnati, Atlantic Records in New York • Had to fight with major labels • Major labels had many resources Focus on pop made room for independent rhythms and blues labels • • Country and commercial • African American migration led to the urbanization of this sound • Blues and Pop • W.C. handy and Bessie Smith • Rural Blues Robert Johnson, acoustic guitar • • Jump Blues • Louis Jordan • Up tempo, appealed to the audiences Electric Blues Bands- 1940’s • Like Honkey Tonk, blues bands added volume Lead guitar, piano, bass and drums • • Transition to acoustic to electric • Mixed with swing and gained a lot of power with electricity • Chicago Electric Blues • Chess Records • Rough-edged emotional distinctiveness MUS 225 Week 3 9/13/16 • Raw, unsophisticated record sound Boogie Woogie- Blues • Piano blues style that originated in the south juke joints • 2 handed style • *You like this style of music, Grace* • Choo-Choo Cha Boogie • Beat divided in long-short Fast Boogie Woogie- Blues • Divided into equal parts, 8 beat rhythm • Shake Rattle and Roll • Bill Haley and the Comets • Move to rock transferred the piano to the guitar Jump Band to Rock Band Characteristics 1. Walking Base 2. Riff-like melodic figures 3. Call-and-response between voices and instruments 4. Blues form adapted to include narrative and refrain 5. Strong back beat 6. Rock and Roll: Rhythm to the foreground and electric guitar to the spotlight DOO WOP • Name was coined in 1961 group singing contests • Contest featured solo singer against vocal accompaniment • Vocal based Rhythm and Blues • The Mills Brothers // Till Then Simple harmonic progression • • Emerged from urban neighborhoods after WWII Early Rock Harmony • Very simple harmony • 3 or 4 Chords Comes directly from the blues • • 1-6-4-5-1 progression still popular today Different Kinds of Music Country Music • Regional differences Country in the southeast • • Folk traditions in Appalachia • Based on British Isles Folk Music • EX: The Carter Family Western Music • Southwest and California Became very popular in cowboy films • • EX: Gene Autry and Roy Rogers • Has more of a swing • Usually a big band with a cowboy twist • EX: Bob Willis National Sound for Country and Western Music MUS 225 Week 3 9/13/16 • Rise of Nashville, TN and radio shows • Grand Ole Opry- • Place in Nashville where many performers sang their songs • Sponsored by Purina • National Barn Dance- Broadcasted nationally WWII • Soldiers became fans of this music • Whites migrated North for work and took their music with them Bluegrass • Bill Monroe • Big in the grand ole pry • Developed bluegrass to a national style • Mandolin • Dance music with instrumental solos Gospel • Really developed in the 30’s • Singers learned tunes in church A lot of vocal harmony, embellishments. Call and response was typical because singers were • illiterate or could not read music. • Georgia Tom • Thomas Dorsey 1899-1923 • Commercial entertainer • Brought blues and secular sound to gospel Two distinct traditions in Gospel • • Female solo singer with a male quartet • Most of the early soloists were women • EX: Shirley Caesar, Mahalia Jackson, Rosetta Tharp • Most groups were a cappella • Percussive use of voice, static harmony, blues inflections Gospel VS. Rhythm and Blues • Solo and ensemble Gospel traditions had significant impact on R and B • Secularization of AA Gospel style • Gospel broke away from religious music in the 50’s • Word Painting: used to imitate sounds in a song (trains) Pop Music- Influence • Appealed to a family audience • 50’s-> transition from rock to pop • Rock and roll was about sex, not for the family • Early rock generated a generational divide 1950’s • • Pop contained some elements of youth oriented style • Tin Pan Alley caught off guard by early rock • Lost big time with pop, should have focused on the rock and roll that appealed to the youth Singers and the Big Band Era 1935-1945 MUS 225 Week 3 9/13/16 • Sound of the 30’s and 40’s • Band leaders were the famous faces of the bands • Arrangements emphasized the band, not the singer • Some songs didn't have words and were still very popular • Bing Crosby • Many hit recordings, film actor, hosted variety shows • Vocal Groups • Andrews Sisters- Sang in yiddish • Mills Brothers Frank Sinatra • Established new model or pop singing as a star • Left big bands in 1942 for a solo career • Other big band vocalist followed Pop of the 1950’s • Important singers • Patti Page, Tony bennett, Eddie Fisher, Johnnie Ray


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