ch 2 HDFS 2010-001
Popular in Lifespan Human Development in Family Context
Popular in Human Dev And Family Sciences
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ddc0006 on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 2010-001 at Auburn University taught by Carol L. Roberson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in Family Context in Human Dev And Family Sciences at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
HDFS Chapter 2 08/24/2016 ▯ Studying: What are qualities of good research studies? *credential experimenters and peer-reviewed articles Firm hypothesis based on previous research – and does their study adequately address it and do results confirm Valid sample collection techniques; adequate sample size * experiment vs correlational (experiments can show cause and effect, correlations don’t and may have confounding variables) Cofounding variables: a third variable that creates the false impression of a relationship between two other variables. Appropriate statistical techniques How do studies in the popular press measure up? How does the portrayal in the media (TV/movies etc) reflect reality? ▯ ▯ Family Theories: A. Bronfenbrenner’s ecological approach -People develop in a variety of contexts and these contexts interact with each other – *microsystem- what we directly interact w mesosystem – how different parts of microsystem interact *exosystem- wider society macrosystem – values, culture, etc B. Family development theory: families go through different stages and adapt to those changes (analogous to child development); They consider 8 stages over the lifespan such as o Beginning of family o Childbearing family o *family in middle years o Aging Family C. Conflict Theory: o Conflict occurs, perhaps as a struggle over resources, and this leads to inequalities. This occurs at both familial and societal levels. o * evident today in male/female relationships (housework, divorce, feminization of poverty) o What other groups could we apply this to? Sources of Power o Family members have different resources and amounts of power. o There are four important sources of power: *legitimacy (I am the father and I say so) Money Physical coercion/abuse *LOVE o If you really loved me you would…. ▯ Family Theories (cont): D. Family systems theory: families function like an ecological system with characteristics such as: o 1) boundaries who is in/out of family, what info passes boundaries etc. o 2)*homeostasis: families try to maintain homeostasis: when one part of the system changes, the system will try to bring itself back into balance E.* Symbolic interaction o Looks at interactions and the meanings attached to those interactions o Ex: one person acts/speaks, the other interprets and then reacts o *families develop shared meaning and some of these depend on roles in the family o Meaning include “myths” (we are the “happy” family) to maintain the family o Example of the emphasis on meanings includes what could be used to describe “quality time” – between parent and child for example How might this be applied to romantic partners? Sometimes you have special words to use in place of something else. Like code words for sex, parents etc F. Social exchange theory –* based in notion that people tend to maximize their rewards, minimize the costs in relationships Outcomes of the relationship (does it succeed or fail) depends on rewards vs costs o Outcome= Reward-Cost What are some of the rewards in relationships? Sex, money, food Costs? Children, no personal space, dealing w someone 24/7 Couples can be competitive (out for individual rewards) or cooperative (out for the good of the couple/family) -* most people want a sense of equality (think of equality as an outcome) in relationships that they are treated the way they deserve, fairly; if not, they attempt to restore equity, pretend it exists, or leave. G. Structural functionalism *looks at how societies, families work, emphasizing gender base role specialization, which is viewed as necessary to promote family equilibrium What is problematic about the “Father knows best” ideal today? o No typical family anymore. And this theory is outdated, doesn’t include gays etc. o ▯ ▯
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