ch 4 HDFS 2010-001
Popular in Lifespan Human Development in Family Context
Popular in Human Dev And Family Sciences
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ddc0006 on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 2010-001 at Auburn University taught by Carol L. Roberson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in Family Context in Human Dev And Family Sciences at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
Ch 4 Gender and the Family 09/12/2016 ▯ Gender Terms: Sex – whether male/female biologically speaking; also intersexed (intersextionality) (mixed/ambiguous) Gender – a sociocultural construction – what it means to be male/female in a particular society https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kX5vNmat7Q * Gender Roles –the roles (including attitudes/behaviors) we are expected to perform as a result of being male or female People may describe themselves as masculine, feminine or androgynous (displays traits of another gender) in terms of gender roles; increasing recognition that we “do gender” differently in different contexts *androgyny- person has traits, behaviors typically associated with gender or a blend of stereotypical masculine and feminine traits ▯ ▯ Theories of Gender Socialization: 1) Social learning theory – children learn gender roles through socialization process: o A. They receive consequences for their own behaviors o B. they learn through imitation (modeling) – parents and others – especially those who are warm, nurturing or powerful o C. They learn to anticipate consequences through language and observations ▯ ▯ Socialization of children: a) parents o 1. Manipulation – how we handle girls vs boys o 2. Channeling – children directed toward particular toys, books (girls – fairy tales/house/dress up; boys- sports and action figures) o 3. Activity Exposure –dif activities for boys and girls (boys: sports and girls: dance) o 4. Verbal appellation: Adults describe/interpret behaviors differently depending on whether the child is male or female For example, when they see a child’s reaction to a jack- in-the-box different adjectives with different genders, (boy: mad / girl: scared) Mother/father differences: Dads more rigid about gender roles for boys; encourage exploration by boys more than girls Both Moms and Dads do more “interpersonal” talk with daughters B) School – o Girls have begun to outperform males at all ages o *now, boys face more discipline, more of teacher’s anger; worst for black males o demise of guys C.) Peers o – children can be quite rigid about gender roles through elementary school o - In adolescence, peers important, but parents can be more influential D)*popular culture and the media o In general, females are depicted as younger, thin, attractive and passive, nurturing and pure o males more likely to be given outdoor active role, depicted as strong and brave ▯ Consequences of Traditional Roles: A) Female o Positive: Longer life expectancy Stronger relationship focus *closer bonding w kids o Negative: *Less income and feminization of poverty: female head of household makes about one-half of what male head of household makes Negative body image Violence toward women *Women tend to report lower marital satisfaction Higher rates of depression B.) Male o Positive: Freedom of movement *Greater pool of potential partners Higher status, pay o Negative: -Identity tied to work -*limited expression of emotions and fear of intimacy -Custody disadvantages -Shorter life expectancy ▯ ▯