IAFF 2190, Week 2 Notes
IAFF 2190, Week 2 Notes IAFF 2190
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Jok on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to IAFF 2190 at George Washington University taught by Dr. Henry Nau in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Presidents At war in International Affairs at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
President’s at War – Week 2 6 September 2016 http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2016/04/the-obama-doctrine/471525/ 1. When is military intervention justified? 2. What is a vital US interest? a.What is vital? How do we set priorities? 3. Is ISIS an existential threat? a.Obama doesn't believe so, he thinks the only existential threat is climate change. b.What is an existential threat? The difference between a direct threat and indirect threat? i. Threatens the existence of something. c. The difference between a direct threat and indirect threat and existential threat? How do we make those judgements? i. Is it threatening just one group or everyone? ii. Historically we have thought of existential threats as threats to the nation- state iii. There's a tendency on the part of Obama, not to want to define threats as specific to us. d.What are you ready to defend? i. Something you are ready to die for is an existential threat 4. Is Obama an isolationist, realist, liberal internationalist, or interventionist? 5. What is the meaning of credibility in foreign policy? 6. Is the US a force for good (exceptionalist) or not? 7. Who are free riders? 8. What is tribalism in world affairs? 9. Should US help defend Ukraine? 10. How do Obama and Kerry differ on diplomacy? 11. Is Russia Strong or weak? 12. Is history on our side? 13. To what extent does a president lead and to what extent does a president follow? 14. When does a president take the opinion of congress? Or of the people? 15. "The Washington Playbook" a.If you've got a problem, send in the military Thoughts: • If he says that he doesn’t like free riders, but America wants control and the ability to lead, then free riders are a given in that situation. • Manichian - divided up into good and evil, values, ideologies • Machiavellian - A struggle for security and survival • Obama is resisting the Manichian Idea of the world • Scocroff Takeaways from the Obama Doctrine: • View of the World: Moral or Material? • Assume that the President's view of the world has a bear on what he does and what actually happens. • In the case of war, this is very important, but we will find that presidents think about the world very differently. • Do they see the world in terms of values? (Manachian) o Goals, improving the world in the direction of a certain set of values • Are values important? Are they in conflict? Do they converge? • Obama: a lot of values in common among countries - like the need to avoid climate change, or Humanitarian values, common enemies… • Balance of Power - How relevant is it? • It’s the part of the world in which people are fearful and therefore defensive about their survival and existence. People feel threatened, and resort to the use of power or deployment of power. • If we don't agree on things, then the best we can do is establish a type of equilibrium between the Powers so that no one great power is capable of dominating the system. • Uni-polarity isn't thought of from being very good from the Balance of Power view, except for offensive realism. • Is this all there is or is this a prerequisite for something else, for example, diplomacy? • Sovereignty? • Premised on the notion that there will always be separate units that will be independent and sovereign of one another • What does it mean? o No higher authority to which any state needs to respond and no lower authority to which a state much be subordinate. • We can't lose that sovereignty, if we do we better get it back • Different people have different points of views • Nationalism is one of the traditions of sovereignty • Threats - Indirect (R/P), Direct, Existential? • How much do you share decision making with other countries? • Domestic Politics- Authoritarian vs. Democratic? • Do countries maintain sovereignty if they engage in genocide? • Can a country do whatever it wants internally? • How much do you trust the people in a democracy? • Republics are relatively new in the way that we see them now. • Diplomacy - How powerful is it? • Obama has a great belief in diplomacy, he wants diplomacy without the use of force. • Does force create distrust? • "element of power greater than the use of force" • Is this a very American concept? • Look at the difference between the United States and Iran in the negotiations • Persuade without violence? • Credibility? • Use force to Block options outside negotiations? • Economics - Why Missing • History - Great laboratory of Foreign Affairs • Historical Traditions • On Our Side? • Accountability
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