PSC 2224, Week 2
PSC 2224, Week 2 PSC 2224
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Jok on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 2224 at George Washington University taught by Silvana Rubino-Hallman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Policy in the Cyber Age in Political Science at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
Policy in the Cyber Age – Week 2 Public Policy Public Policy : *The point is that it is very hard to define and very wide ranging including the interactions that it has within the political process and is influenced by a lot of elements. • precepts/norms that dictate how people should live • Action governments take or doesn't take regarding issues • It's less of a noun than an adjective • There is no single discipline that owns public policy • You can study public policy, whether you're a political scientists, or sociologist, but there is no one discipline that owns public policy. • There's no one theory of public policy, there are different ways to explain it and study it. • And there is no conceptual frame work. • There's no analytical tools unique to public policy • But it is something that a lot of people study. • Yes it is a subject of government, but it involves other actors o Interests groups, lobbying groups o Other governments, (the foreign kind/Comparative) o Citizens o Congress o Think Tanks o NGOs • What is so unique to government that makes public policy also unique? o It has a binding power over the public o It is backed by the coercive power of the state • Sometimes it can help resolve conflict, especially with scarce resources. o Ex: Following a natural disaster - funding FEMA o Policy of affirmative action - tried to resolve a conflict o Imminent domain o Welfare policy • In protecting rights, policies also affect the rights on the other side. o In some cases there are additional pieces of legislation that curtail these affects. o Successive intervention may turn the policy in the opposite direction • We will discuss how difficult it is in order to follow the process in terms of oversight. • There are public policies that are responses to perceived problems. o Perceptions in the political process o Perception: the way one views something. o Robert Jervis: Perception in international politics. o What they are taking action on is a perceived problem • It doesn't occur in a bubble • It is difficult to predict o Because: it is very complex to craft Fields of study within public policy: • 7 big fields of study: o Policy and politics • What are the theoretical influences, does policy cause politics or the other way around? • Abstract and theoretical o Policy Process • The process of public policy? • Why is it that governments focus on one problem and not others? • How are policy options formulated? • Why does policy change? • Why does the process evolve this way? o Policy analysis • Why is this important? • What is the problem that this piece of policy trying to resolve? • Of the options that I have in front of me, which should I use? • Disciplines: economics, o Policy evaluation • Hard to find universal standards o Policy Design • How do you design policy • How do people perceive those problems? • How do they distribute power? • Why? o Process of Decision making • Most important theory: Game theory & Rational actor approach § Everyone is out for their own benefit o Policy Implementation • Very detailed research and analysis • How a policy decision is translated into action and what happens throughout that process. Why talk about this? Course Title: Policy in the Cyber age - Policy refers to public policy What happened to public policy as a discipline when you introduce new technology? The impact of technology in the political process as a whole, and public policy. The challenge for us at the end of this is to find ways in which we can bridge the differences and difficulties that technology has brought about • Processing data, getting data, compiling it, visualizing it etc.
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