GEOG 204 GEOG 204
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This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Notetaker on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 204 at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign taught by Chen, ZCidell, J in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Cities of the World in Geography at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
Class 1a -Introduction Monday, August 22, 2016 4:16 PM What is Geography? Geography is a spatial science. Spatial- of or relating to space. From <https://www.google.com/search?q=spatial&safe=active&espv=2&biw=760&bih=698&source=lnms&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiq-JKUuovPAhXG4CYKHRIOBEMQ_AUIBSgA&dpr=1.25> Note: Historically People have settled along the coast, as populations increased and transit became better the center of dense populations shifted more inland. Spatial Behavior- Urban Form Spatial Relationships- Migration Spatial Processes: Commuting What is geography? Multidisciplinary and Synthetic Cultural Landscapes and processes Physical Landscapes and Processes Economic, Political, Environmental, social, and urban geographies Cultural Landscapes Built Environment Personal Appearance Language GEOG 204 Page 1 Class 1b- (North America) Wednesday, August 24, 2016 4:23 PM What is a City? A city is a central place of export goods and services to a larger regoin. It is basic and non-basic. It has a place of certain size and/or density. Note: A recent phenomenon: >50% of population lives in cities after 1800 Characteristics of a city include: • Near Water, Sheltered, Nearby Harbor • Relative Characteristics: Crossroads. Interior gateway, land/sea interface Example: Chicago Vs. Salem New Orleans Vs. Santa Barbara 3RD CLASS- First I-Clicker Friday, August 26, 2016 12:04 PM North American Cities • Heavily urbanized • Distinctive internal structure • Immigration gateways • Cities out of the wilderness to nature in the city • Strong Suburbanization, now reversing? Colonial Cites • Trade Resources • Interface for Interior and exterior • French, British, Spanish Cites Early Industry- (Mid-1880s) • Sites near Energy Sources • Rapid Urbanization Begins Industrialization (Early 1900s) • Massive Immigration • Improved Living Conditions • Mass Transit Begins Lowel's Basic Industry - Textiles Boston is improving it's site, not situation. Post-War Industry (mid 1990s) • Mass production, consumption • Suburbanization, freeways • Megalopolitan areas Post-Industrial (late 1990s) • De-Industrialization • Rise of service sector "creative class" • Cities based on consumption, not production • Return to (some) Central Cities Urban Land Use Model Wednesday, August 31, 2016 12:30 PM CBD: highest and best use What happens beyond? - As the city grows Concentric Circles -Sociologists n 1920 (Burgess) Middle America II Wednesday, September 7, 2016 12:04 PM Bracero Program • Guest Workers • Short-Term Stays in US • Agricultural Labor • 4 Million, Mostly Men • Many returned to Northern Mexico Border Industrialization Program • No Tariffs: Used to draw American Factories • Labor-incentives: cars, electronics • Limited to border zones, will not tax industry that relocates into Mexico • Cities: Tiquana, Ciduad Jauraz • Entire Families could move with them NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement All Tariff eliminated No limit on Location Doubling of Trade, Reduction in wages Further Growth of Border Cities Consequences of NAFTA • Rio Grande Dried up, a lot of water was used • Clean water for electronics • Growing Population Pollution > Birth Defects US Corn Subsidies> Mexican Immigration Urban Spatial Structure Historic Center Structure Elite Spine In Ssite Accereation Zone Poorer Towards the Outskirts Industry Means Services UP 204 -South American Public Space Friday, September 9, 2016 12:09 PM Note: Roughly 80% of south americans live in cities, that is disproportionate, as colonial structures allowed for colonial capitals were people concentrated. Economic Polarization -Very Rich and Very Poor -Service Provision based on income -Skyscrapers vs shantytowns -Reputation for Violence -Segregation at a smaller scale for U.S. No large special polarization, poor neighborhoods live next to Rich neighborhoods Diverse Population - Indigenous Populations - African Descendants - European, Asian Immigrants Class based in part on Ethnicity Strong Social Movements Public Space and the Right to the City Nature and the City THREAT TO NATURAL DISASTER -Tetonic Activity in Andes -Landslides on steep slopes Clicker Question: ACCESS TO RESOURCES - Privatization of Water - Struggles with Land Tenure Model Model of Native American City Clicker Question: Which city would not have public space built into the City? Answer: Rio in Brazil Clicker Question: Why does Rio not have a plaza in the middle? Answer: It is Portuguese, it does not apply to the law of Indies Urban Space open to all Exposure to Diverse Public Protest, Assembly Exchange of Ideas -Equated with free speech, democracy (Parks ,Sidewalks) Public Space in South America -Still Alive in well -Spanish Central Plazas Buenos Aires -Paris of South America -Chicago of South America Today, 13 million america -Centered in Plazo de Mayo, size of los angeles Desapareciedos - The Disappeared - Opponents in 1970, military dictatorships - 30,000 in Chile, Uruguay, Argentina - Officially ceased to exist Madres de Plaxa De Mayo -Mother searching for lost Children -Began Meeting to Public -Weekly March In Conclusion - Class 4B- South America II Megacities and Spectacles Monday, September 12, 2016 12:33 PM Class Activity: Discuss Region Megacities Metropolitan Area over 10 million Housing 1/20 People Likely to mean unbalanced growth World Cities Not Ranked by Size Command & Control Centers New York, London, Tokyo Alpha- Betta- Gamma- Sao Paolo -Plateau Above the coast -The New York of Brazil Financial Center Culturally Diverse -Founded in 1554 as a Jesuit Mission -Coffee in 1800s > Growth -Main Industrial Center in 1920s, today more service sector Note: was manufacturing ,but now has a more service sector economy, what sets this city apart physically in the verticality Of the space. San Paolo has the largest private helicopter fleet, to avoid the traffic. Wealthy People are worried about danger and being kidnapped by the extremely poor. Sao Paolo Housing -Highly Stratified Housing, Transportation, Metro vs. Bus ( Bus is cheaper and also income-based) Helicopters - Multiple Centers, no overall structure Note: 70% of residents voted for no public advertisements , this has increased social welfare Title Tuesday, September 13, 2016 10:19 PM Homework: Today's Topics: Important Points: Lecture Topic: During the lecture, take notes here. Insert a sub-page for each lecture topic. Summary After the lecture, use this space to summarize the main points of this Lecture Topic. Title Tuesday, September 13, 2016 10:19 PM Formulas & Theorems Covered Today: Homework: Lecture Topic: During the lecture, take notes here. Summary After the lecture, summarize the main points of this lecture topic. Title Important Dates: Tuesday, September 13, 2016 10:19 PM Today's Topics: Important People: Lecture Topic: During the lecture, take notes here. Summary After the lecture, summarize the main points of this lecture topic. Project Overview Tuesday, September 13, 2016 10:19 PM Project Name: Company Name: Presenter Name: Description Describe the project in non-technical terms. Project Goals Ultimate goal of project Relationship to other projects High-level timing goals Description Describe the project in non-technical terms. Team/Resources State assumptions about resources allocated to this project People Equipment Locations Support & outside services Manufacturing Sales Procedures Highlight any procedural differences from regular projects of this type Discuss requirements, benefits, and issues of using new procedures Schedule Review schedule milestones here Current Status Overview of progress against schedule ○ On-track in what areas ○ Behind in what areas ○ Ahead in what areas Unexpected delays or issues Related Documents Marketing plan Related Documents Marketing plan ○ Location or contact name/phone Budget ○ Location or contact name/phone Post mortem ○ Location or contact name/phone Submit questions ○ Location or contact name/phone Tuesday, September 13, 2016 10:19 PM GEOG 204 Page 14
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