JOU 3109, Week 3
JOU 3109, Week 3 Jou 3109 C
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Notetaker on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Jou 3109 C at University of Florida taught by Andrea Hall in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see Multimedia Writing in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
Week 3 Why do we have AP Style? Consistency o Orlando - MCO and ORL (orl is wrong) Clarity o To be clear about what you are writing about Accuracy o Have the correct name Brevity o FBI, UFO Avoid Stereotypes o If under 18 = child What does AP style cover? Grammar Spelling Punctuation Language usage Common AP mistakes - Abbrevs, Titles & Numbers Widely known abbreviations OK: NATO, ALCO, CIA o If unsure, consider the context of the story o Some are ok - even to start a sentence o Avoid alphabet soup Unless you are the New York Times, no courtesy titles except… o Dr., Gov., Lt. Gov., Rep., the Rev., and Sen. Are required before a name if they occur outside a direct quote o Only use them on the first reference o Wrong: the Rev. Cr. John Jackson o Right: The Rev. John Jackson Months" Abbreviate those with more than 4 letters o June o Sept. Addresses: Always use number o Unless the number is the street name "North 10th Street" o Abbreviate directional cues (North, South, etc.) when you have a number o Abbreviate types of roads with a number unless it is road, drive or alley Ages: Always use numbers o Use hyphens will the age is modifying Write out numbers on through 9; make numerical for 10 & up Dates: Write out the month when not with a day o Sept. 1, 1999 o September 1999 Only capitalize formal titles when the precede an individual's name o Mayor Bridget Jones is having a baby o Bridget Jones, mayor of Gainesville, is having a baby Never use an "S" o Forward o Backward o Toward o Upward o Downward Common mistakes with Which/That o That and Which are referring to inanimate object or animals without names o That for essential clauses, important to the meaning od the sentence o Which for nonessential clauses, where the pronoun is less necessary Common Mistakes with Further/Farther o Farther refers to a physical distance Professor spiker walked farther than prof foley o Further refers to an extension of time or degree Big changes between 2015&2016 Internets (lowercase i) Web (lowercase w) New entry for mistress New entry for prostitute Voicemail is now one word New explanation for when to use accident/crash Whiskey/Whisky Spree is only to be used for shopping not shootings Writing a Hard News Story Lead: Main Facts Who What Where When Subject-verb-object-order o Who did what: A 20-year-old UF student was charged with exposing himself in a parking garage Saturday night. Active vs. Passive Voice Active voice: who is doing the action Passive voice: stresses to whom the action w done o Common in police/crime stories Active: A dog attacked a 3-year-old girl in Depot Park Monday Passive: a 3-year-old girl was attacked by a dog in Depot Park Monday Put the most important information first Types of Leads Summary o The who, what , why o 1-2 sentences Hard-news lead o More direct, there's more details to come Feature/Anecdotal o More personable, sometime draws out emotion o Nut graph: sentence that states the focus of the story, comes after the anecdotal lead Body: More details Why? How? What is the impact on readers? Quote: support out first 2-3 paragraphs o Reinforce o Don’t want it to retell what we already know o Formula: "I throw the dough into the air, and when I can start to see the light through it I know it is ready for the toppings," said John Smith, pizza chef at Big Lou's Direct quote, to use or not to use Use: o Interesting or informative? o Does it back up the lead? o Memorable? o Add emptions Don’t use: o Repetitive o You can state better in your own words (paraphrasing) Tail: More detail/more comments The further we go down the less direct the info needs to be Can provide background info o Perspective or context Elaborate o Other points of view o More quotes Tail: Ending Future actions Call to action Quick summary End when there is no more new info to reveal
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