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Week 1 notes

by: Appolonia Redmon

Week 1 notes psyc 3330

Appolonia Redmon

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About this Document

These notes are over the material that we covered in the first week of class.
Abnormal psychology
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Appolonia Redmon on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to psyc 3330 at Georgia Southern University taught by Conrad in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Abnormal psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Georgia Southern University.

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Date Created: 09/13/16
Week 1 Pg.1 Overview behavior that is inconsistent with social norms is known as abnormal  behavior psychopathology­ the nature, development, and the treatment of  psych disorders. There’s a lot of negative stigma associated with anyone with a mental  illness. (an us vs. them attitude) prevalence­ 46.4% have a psych disorder Defining psych disorders • has to occur within the individual  • clinically significant difficulties in thinking, feeling, or behaving  • personal distress • dysfunction in psych development and/or neurological process • not cultural specific  • has to have happened for at least 6 months to be diagnosed  Early demonology • mental illness was considered a demonic possession • this was treated with exorcisms  • If you had disturbed behavior people considered that you  displeased the gods  Early bio exploration Hippocrates  Mental illness had natural causes  Three categories of disorders: 1.) Mania 2.) Melancholia 3.) Phrenitis Believed that brain functioning depended on balance of the four humors Week 1 Pg.2 Development of asylums  •  Priory of St. Mary of Bethlehem (1400­1600s) Deplorable conditions People treated horribly  Mentally ill were considered entertainment  • Phillipe Pinel  More humane treatment of the mentally ill  Compassion and understanding  Primarily for upper class Moral treatment  Dorothea Dix  Biological Approaches General Paresis and Syphilis  First link between infection­brain damage­psychopathology  Genetics Sir Frances Galton  Nature vs. nurture  Biological treatments Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) Prefrontal lobotomy  Psychological approaches Franz Mesmer and Jean Martin Charcot Josef Breuer (Cathartic method)  Sigmund Freud (psychoanalytic theory) Carl Jung  (analytical psychology)  Alfred Adler  (individual psychology)  Continuing influences of Freud and his followers (Behaviorism and  Cognitive therapy) Week 1 Pg.3 Biological models  • Neurons • Neurotransmitters • Neuroscience • Biological scarring • Behavioral genetics • Viral infection theory Psychological models • Modern psychoanalytic models • Behavioral models • The Cognitive Model • The Humanistic Model  Sociocultural Models • Gender roles • Socioeconomic status (SES) • Interpersonal support • Race and ethnicity  • Culture­bound syndromes  Biopsychosocial Model • Many different factors  • Diathesis­stress model • Predisposition vs. development  Types of degrees • MD—Psychiatry  Week 1 Pg.4 • PhD—Clinical, Social, Counseling, Developmental, I/O, etc.  • PsyD—Clinical  • Masters—social work, marriage and family therapy, experimental,  clinical, counseling, I/O, etc.  • Bachelors—general psychology 


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