New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

KIN 312 Fall 2016 Wu Week 4 lecture notes "Motor Abilities"

by: Natalie Wong

KIN 312 Fall 2016 Wu Week 4 lecture notes "Motor Abilities" KIN 312

Marketplace > California State University Long Beach > Kinesiology > KIN 312 > KIN 312 Fall 2016 Wu Week 4 lecture notes Motor Abilities
Natalie Wong
Long Beach State
GPA 4.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes cover the rest of the Intro to Motor Control lecture and the Motor Abilities lecture
Motor Control
Wilbur Wu
Class Notes
motor, control, KIN312, Kinesiology
25 ?




Popular in Motor Control

Popular in Kinesiology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Natalie Wong on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to KIN 312 at California State University Long Beach taught by Wilbur Wu in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Motor Control in Kinesiology at California State University Long Beach.


Reviews for KIN 312 Fall 2016 Wu Week 4 lecture notes "Motor Abilities"


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/13/16
KIN 312: Fall 2016 – Week 4 Natalie Wong “Intro to Motor Control” (contd.) & “Motor Abilities” ***Notes are derived from Dr. Wu’s PPT lectures “Intro to Motor Control” (contd.) I. 2 ways to evaluate which theory is correct: a. Sheridan’s Characteristics of Human Movement i. Flexibility = recruiting muscles and joints to achieve the same action ii. Uniqueness = no two movements are EVER performed the same way iii. Consistency = temporal and spatial characteristics remain stable from one performance to another iv. Modifiability = modify movement while it’s being executed ***How do these characteristics relate to the theories of motor control? Reflex Theory Schema Theory Ecological/Dynamical Patterns Flexibility No Yes Yes  Uniqueness No Yes Yes Consistency Yes Yes Yes Modifiability No Yes  Yes  ***Since Reflex theory is neither flexible, unique, or modifiable, it can be ruled out. We knew  this from the previous lecture! We discussed that reflex theory is, while not classically used to  explain motor control, a historical theory, and therefore must be included for that purpose. b. Degrees of Freedom Problem i. Degrees of Freedom = independent components of a complex system ii. The Problem = How does a nervous system control the many different degrees of  freedom limbs and joints to enable a person to perform an action as intended?  GMP Explanation - GMP indicates:  Which muscle will be activated   Duration  Amount of force  Sequencing   Ecological Explanation - Individuals constrain muscles and joints in a way that is appropriate for the action - Muscle response structures/coordinative synergies are learned or genetic II. Which Theory is correct? a. No current agreement on answer b. Both are technically correct, but in some cases, one theory will work better than the other “Motor Abilities” I. Ability vs Motor Ability KIN 312: Fall 2016 – Week 4 Natalie Wong a. Ability = general trait or capacity that is relatively long­term which serves as a determinant of a person’s achievement potential for the performance of specific skills i. Ex: intellect, artistry/creativity, craftsmanship, etc. b. Motor Ability = ability specific to the performance of a motor skill i. Ex: accuracy, athleticism? (not a word motor control analysts like to use because it is  very broad),  ii. Individual­Difference variables = performance of motor skill depends on individual’s  motor abilities that are beneficial to the performance of the skill  Ex: Gymnasts – short to accommodate apparatus structural constraints; shorter body  means lower center of mass and shorter levers  greater ability to flip and rotate in  the air and greater stability   Ex: Tennis Players – tall to reach tennis ball in longitudinal and lateral ranges, cover  court in fewer steps, greater force in serve because longer arms II. General vs Specific Motor Abilities a. General motor ability hypothesis = many different motor abilities that exist in an  individual are highly related and can be characterized in terms of a singular, global motor  ability i. Ex: Tiger Woods – motor ability crossover in golf, NBA, and NFL b. Specificity of motor abilities = many motor abilities an individual possesses are relatively  independent i. Supported by Franklin Henry (1961) who used reaction time and arm movement time to show that the two are unrelated.  Scenario 1 – quick reaction time, but slow arm movement  Scenario 2 – slow reaction time, but ability to move arm fast ii. SO! Motor abilities are independent III. Balance and Timing Motor Abilities a. Balance i. Static (stationary) vs dynamic (moving) balance – these types of balance indicate that  there are also many motor abilities for balancing ii. Ex: peripheral neuropathy patient (chronic tingles in limbs, like when your foot falls  asleep) can stand and walk but must have some kind of support to completely balance iii. Ex: riding a bike (dynamic balance) is different from balancing on a bike in a stationary position (static balance) b. Timing – specific to the requirements of the skill being performed rather than a general  timing ability i. External = when timing is determined by what is going on in the environment  Ex: hitting a baseball – determined by when and how the pitcher throws the ball ii. Internal = when timing is predetermined by the body/is routine  Ex: Timing required to execute a dance routine – specific timing to steps and  choreography as a whole IV. “The All­Around Athlete” = a person with multiple motor abilities at high levels a. People have abilities that range high, average, and low b. Often, all­around athlete has 1 or 2 high level motor abilities that overlap among activites KIN 312: Fall 2016 – Week 4 Natalie Wong V. Identifying Motor Abilities a. Use Fleishman’s Taxonomy ***on BeachBoard! You must memorize the definitions to each motor ability OVERLYING CONCEPT: abilities underlie performance!


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.