Week 3 notes
Week 3 notes psyc 3330
Popular in Abnormal psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Appolonia Redmon on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to psyc 3330 at Georgia Southern University taught by Conrad in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Abnormal psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Georgia Southern University.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
Week 3 notes pg.1 Classification and diagnosis The diagnostic system of the American psychiatric association (apa) • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual5th edition • History of classification and diagnosis • Introduction of specific diagnostic criteria • Characteristics of disorders described more extensively Changes in dsm5 • Removal of the Multiaxial System • Organizing diagnoses by causes • Enhanced sensitivity to the developmental nature of psychopathology • New diagnoses • Hoarding disorder • Binge eating disorder • Gambling disorder • Combined diagnoses • Substance abuse + substance dependence= substance use disorder • Ethnic and cultural considerations in diagnosis criticisms • Too many diagnoses? • 300 different diagnoses • Too many minute distinctions between diagnoses • Risk factors seem to trigger more than one disorder • Categorical vs. Dimensional classification • Reliability of the DSM in everyday practice • Stigma Week 3 notes pg.2 • Human nature to categorize what we see Psychological assessment Goals of assessment • Screening • Diagnosis and treatment planning • Differential diagnosis • Outcome evaluation • Clinical significance Properties of assessment instruments • Standardization • Developmental and cultural considerations • Ethics and responsibility Clinical interviews • Characteristics • Interviewer pays attention to how individual answers a question • Rapport is key • Collection of information largely left up to clinician • Unstructured interviews • Structured interviews • Prescribed fashion for asking questions • Structured Clinical Interviews (SCIDs) • Response to one question determines next direction Personality tests • Selfreport personality inventories: • Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) • Projective personality tests: • Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) • Rorschach Inkblot Test Week 3 notes pg.3 Intelligence tests • Intelligence Quotient (IQ) • Diagnose learning disorders and identify strengths and weaknesses • Assess for intellectual disability • Assess or intellectual giftedness • Used in neuropsych evaluations • StanfordBinet • Wechsler Tests • WAISIV • WISCV Tests for specific symptoms • Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) • Beck Depression Inventory—II (BDIII) • Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) Behavioral and cognitive assessment • Focus on: • Aspects of the environment • Characteristics of the person • Frequency and form of problematic behavior • Consequences of problem behaviors • Direct observation of behavior • Selfobservation • Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) • Cognitivestyle questionnaires Week 3 notes pg.4 Neurological assessment Neuropsychological assessment • Neurologist vs. neuropsychologist • HalsteadReitan Neuropsychological Battery • Tactile performance test—time • Tactile performance test—memory • Speech sounds perception test • Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) Psychophysiological assessment • Electrocardiogram (EKG) • Electrodermal responding • Electroencephalogram (EEG) Cultural and ethnic diversity and assessment • Cultural bias in assessment • Translating into different languages • Cultural assumptions may over or underestimate psychological problems • Strategies for avoiding cultural bias in assessment • Graduate training • Extra efforts to establish rapport • Trainings in cultural awareness Week 3 notes pg.5 Treatment techniques Psychoanalysis • Freud • Drives and instincts • Levels of consciousness • Personality = id, ego, & superego • Object relations therapy Existential psychotherapy • Focuses on finding purpose or meaning in life, fully experiencing one’s existence • Goal: authenticity, living up to full capabilities • Major themes: • Living and dying • Freedom, responsibility, and choice • Isolation and loving • Meaning and meaninglessness Personcentered therapy • Carl Rogers • Unconditional positive regard • Fullyfunctioning person • Nondirective style • Necessary and sufficient conditions for change • Focuses on the experiences of the client • Client is the expert Week 3 notes pg.6 Positive psychotherapy • Based on positive psychology • Misconceptions • Bring people to a state of flourishing, find meaning • Identification of strengths • Use strengths to decrease depressive symptoms and increase life satisfaction Core concepts: • Gratitude • Forgiveness • Optimism • Love and attachment • Savoring • Meaning Behavior therapy • Created from learning principles (classical and operant conditioning) • Systematic desensitization • Anxiety hierarchies • Imaginal flooding • In vivo therapy • Modeling Cognitive therapy • Aaron Beck • Automatic thoughts • Cognitive schemas • Cognitive distortions • Allornothing thinking • Mind reading • Catastrophizing • Therapist challenges client’s maladaptive thoughts, try to restructure thoughts to be more useful (i.e., realistic) Week 3 notes pg.7 Family (or couples) therapy • Murray Bowen • Differentiation of self • Triangulation • Evaluation interview • Genograms • Interpretation • Detriangulation • Structural and Strategic family therapy styles
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