Popular in Stagecraft
Popular in Theatre
This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lydia Patchett on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to TH 2200-01 at Wright State University taught by David J. Castellano in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Stagecraft in Theatre at Wright State University.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
Measuring Tape Measure o The hook is to make sure the length is true (it doesn’t measure the thickness of the blade) Cloth/Steel tape o Trim heights o Tape out Framing square o Usually 16 (tongue/vertical) x 24 (body/horizontal) o This is used for stairs, for making sure things are square, and for roofing o Rise: 6” Run: 12” Speed square o Used to rotate and measure an angle o Has 6-7 inches for quick measurement o Also used for roofing Combination Square o Can be used to level things o The longer the level, the more accurate it is going to be o Can be used as a depth guide Sliding T-Bevel Gauge o When you don’t know the angle you are going to be using o Takes an angle from one location to another Drywall square o NOT a framing square o Looks like a ‘T’ o 48” long o Studs go every 16” Chalk line o Blue – main color o Red – semi-permanent for concrete o Black – charcoal for paint Compass o Only works for a certain distance Trammel point o A stick with a spike and a pencil o For large arches o Tap it into the building material so that it doesn’t move Level o Good ones have two bubbles o Center is for flat surfaces o Ends are for posts/ legs Gripping tools Open eye wrench Box wrench o An enclosed open ended wrench Open end/ box wrench o The ends are the same sizes, but one is open and one is closed Crescent wrench o 8”, 10”, 12” wrench Socket wrench o Lock into a ratchet o Can go in forward or reverse by the flip of a switch o ¼” shank, and 3/8” shank o Socket/ driver Allen wrench o Hex headed tool Coffin lock key o A bog key looking thing that rotates a noddles hook Slotted and phillips screwdriver Robinson and Torx screwdriver o Robertson/ square o Torx/ star o Some torx will have a button or post for security purposes Slip Joint pliers o So that we don’t use out hands to turn something o Slips into two different positions depending on the size Channel lock o A larger version of the slop joint plier o Allows us to get to wider equipment Vise grips o This can be locked into place o Can be used to take out a broken screw o Holds metal together Pipe/monkey wrench o Can be used to put pipes together o Can tighten or untighten a pipe from the coupling o Plumbers use this Linesman pliers o Not the slipjoint pliers o Used for fencing or fishing o Has a wire/line cutter on it o Not useful in the scene shop or electrics Needle nose pliers o You can get into deep dark places o Can be linesman pliers as well o Will not find these with slipjoints Diagonal pliers/ Dikes o This is what is used to cut wire o Used to cut and remove brads End nips o Used to remove staples and brads Bolt cutters o The master key o This also looks like cable cutter, and can destroy the material and the instrument o Not actually meant to cut through locks Cable cutters o When they cut, they wrap around the cable and then cuts it Hammers Claw Hammer o Meant for nails o Used to pull nails from materials Ripping or Framing Hammer o Used for lumber (to take apart, etc) Rubber Mallet Ball Peen Sledge Hammer Dead-blow Hammer Clamps C clamp o Jorgenson (wood) Clamp o The first part controls the angle of clamping o The second part actually clamps o This will be found in the prop shop, and not the scene shop o This is used for things like cabinets and boats Pipe clamp o Universal clamping system o Meant to be used on ANY length of pipe o Usually the pipe will be threaded o This is used in platform and framing construction o The spring is on the moving end o The screw is on the stationary end o These are stronger over long distances Bar clamp o The spring and the screw are on the same end (moving) o These are not meant to come off Vise Grip Clamps o Good for clamping flat surfaces together o The ones with the points are good for metal work Spring clamp o Commonly used for wardrobe o SMs and TDs will use these to manipulate soft goods o They have no strategic value when it comes to supporting things in construction Power Tools Electric corded tool o Should have three prongs on it (should have the grounder) o Can come with a post to measure the depth of a drill bit o You control the speed of the motor by how hard you push the button (if it has a turn-dial on the trigger) This is important for soft materials o Clutch Lower gear – difficult material Higher gear – faster o All key chucks for the clutch Electric Cordless drill o Works off of a battery o We have more mobility o Not as powerful as a corded drill o Not as sturdy or as durable o Lithium batteries shut down the gun when they overheat Compared to normal ones, they have longer charge/ use The other kind of battery is nickel cadmium (TOXIC) o The higher the voltage, the higher the torq o 1 – 21 is based off of the material you are drilling into o The picture of the drill is the setting meant for drilling Electric Hammer o Has a hammer icon on it o Meant for specific types of bits and jobs o Used for masonry or concrete work o Has some sort of hardened Masonite tip Bits o Augers o Cutting Bits o Spade/paddle bits (looks kind of like a x-acto blade on the top) Found with dremmels/ smaller materials o Step bits Good for metal Looks like a pyramid o Counter sink Used so that the head of the screw sits in the inside of the material to smooth it over o Reinforced steel/ carbide tips are meant for hammer drills o Sometimes the color does not represent what you think it should The difference is what the bit is made of Electric Hole saw o Used to put doorknobs, and dead bolts into doors o Can be used in electrics to put cable through o You only have one shot at doing this o Most common set comes up in 1/8” increments o We tend to not need anything larger than 3” in diameter Electric Belt Sander o The sandpaper could be stitched, welded, or glued together (it is not originally one continuous piece) o The lower the number (of grit), the rougher and harsher it is o TWO hands Electric Orbital sander o Circle disks of sandpaper o ONE hand Electric Palm sander o Square sandpaper o Uses some sort of adhesive sticker, Velcro, or a clip to hold it in o ONE hand Angle grinder o Used to get into spaces at an angle o Can have cutting disks to cut off nails o The grinding disk with be thicker and a little curved to help with metal working o MUST HAVE eye protection while using this o The on/ off trigger can be set to ‘on’ o TWO hands Electric Circular (Skil) Saw o Can control the depth of the blade by raising or lovering it o Can control the angle with the plate o The on/off switch is used with a trigger o TWO hands o Most popular blade is Ripping (with the grain) o o The next most popular is a cross cutting blade (against the grain) o You can get a combination blade o The more teeth, the softer the cut o This replaces the hand saw Electric Jig (Saber) Saw o Different ways to change the blade o Lower numbers keep the blade straight o For lots of curves and swirls put it on three This will cause there to be more splintering o Some models have interchangeable plates to change the angle o Lots of different bits are available for this o This replaces the coping and key/drywall saw Electric router o Comes with two wrenches to hold it in place o This should be stored in its case o Standard: adjust up and down to set the depth o The blade should dig into the material when you are using this (go in the opposite direction of the blade o Plunging router: has an additional cylinder alongside it as a depth guide o It is meant to protect the building material, and not meant to protect you o You must have eye and ear protection o LOTS of different bits o This replaces Mallet and chisels, gouges, and veins These are all still used with a wood lathe (think wooden pottery wheel) Electric Sawzall o This is a demolition tool o You want to get blades for this that are wood WITH nails o This replaces the hack saw o This is a two-handed device o There should be heft in the weight of the tool o If you are pulling it down, that means that something is wrong Pneumatic Tools (safety goggles for all) Framing nail gun o Meant to be used with common nails o The magazine rack is at a 45* angle to the surface o They have a side arm open to pull back and put the nails in o All pneumatic guns have a safety in the front that you have to hold all the way down for it to activate o If the safety is removed, it should not be used o Very large Roofing gun o The magazine is a coil o Almost as large as the framing gun o Also at a 45* angle Corrugated fastener o Shoots a corrugated piece of razor blade into the material o The magazine is at a 90* angle o The magazine carrier is 1” to 1 ½” wide o This is used instead of pigeon feet for butt joints Wide crown staplers o Most are 1” wide o Used for pigeon feet o Disconnect the hose before you put in the ammunition o You must have eye protection for all of these o Could get ½” crown (they are not very popular) Quarter inch/ Narrow Crown o The magazine is the same length as the handle o Newer models have an additional safety lock Brad guns o Looks like a narrow crown staple gun o The magazine rack is flatter and wider o Used for molding Staple gun o Also available in the prop shop o Used for upholstery work o This one is a baby gun o It has a dramatically different shape Pneumatic wrench o Like a socket wrench, but it attached to a hose o It is not necessarily a better tool for what we are doing Impact wrench o Great for lag bolts o This is good to make things go into harder materials o You still have to use a pilot hole! o Only does forward or reverse Large Electric Tools Table saw o Angle and depth guide o Two people should be working on this at all times Compound miter saw o A miter saw only angles side to side o A compound allows side to side in two different planes o This replaces the back saw and the miter bow Radial arm saw o You can set the depth o This is the saw that you pull toward you and it goes back to its home o You can change the angle with this, but it causes wear and tear o This is good for kerfing Band saw o This is a band that rotates around two wheels o Used for curves and circles Panel saw o Used to cut panels o This is a circular saw o You can cut up and down, or run your material through it to cut side to side Drill Press o This is meant for repetitive use o Great for metal work o Everything you can’t control with an electric drill o You can have a full one that goes on a floor, or a bench one that sits on a table Belt and disk sander o This is a two in one kind of deal Bench grinder o Has two disks (could be two different grits) o Often one is grinding, and the other is either a wire brush, or a polishing disk Wood Lathe o This spins at a VERY high velocity o This is extremely dangerous o Mask, glasses, and eye and ear protection is REQUIRED o We often make a sample and then measure it using a caliper to make sure everything is correct o This should be used under supervision
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