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Week 1 Notes

by: Kara Notetaker

Week 1 Notes PHIL 2625

Kara Notetaker
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About this Document

Introduction and Aristotle.
Introduction to Professional Ethics
Arnold Smith
Class Notes
Professional ethics, ethics, Practical Ethics, philosophy




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kara Notetaker on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 2625 at Youngstown State University taught by Arnold Smith in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Professional Ethics in PHILOSOPHY AND HUMANITIES at Youngstown State University.


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Date Created: 09/14/16
Introduction Original Professions  Medicine  Law  Clergy Ethics  A branch of philosophy in which conduct, character, and the ends of human life are studied.  What ought I do? o The way things should be. o Can we make things better? o What is the right thing to do? Meta Ethics  The language ethics is written in. Theoretical (Normative) Ethics  Ethical theories o Aristotle – virtue ethics o Bentham - utilitarian ethics o Kant – deontic ethics (objective) o Rand – objectivist (egoist) ethics o Habermas - discourse ethics (subjective) Applied Ethics  Giving theories real life, practical application. Objective Belief – Action  There is an absolute right or wrong. o Ex.) Kant Subjective Belief – Circumstances  David Hume o First to disprove objective belief.  Morality changes over time. Aristotle: The Virtue of Ethics Aristotle  Lived 384 –322 A.D.  Born in Macedonia  Student of Plato  Teacher of Alexander the Great  Father of Western Ethics Nicomachean Ethics  Book written by Aristotle Eudaimonia  Each techne, or skill, aims towards some purpose.  The end goal is happiness. Happiness  Activity in accord with virtue over roughly the whole of one's life, with a reasonable amount of external goods. The Soul  The rational side  Reason itself  That which responds to reason  The irrational side  The seat of appetites and desires  Basic biological functions That Which Responds to Reason and the Seat of Appetites and Desires  These give us moral virtues of character.  Courage, compassion, generosity, etc.. Acquiring Virtue  The moral virtues of character require a role model.  Develop a habit of acting a certain way.  The intellectual virtues require an instructor.  Learn from the ground up  Basic math -----------> Advanced math  Physics ---------------> Quantum physics Why Does the Acquisition of Virtue Make Us Happy  It makes the world a gentler, and better place - more conducive to happiness.  It transforms us into a complete human being.


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