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Week 2 notes

by: andrea lott

Week 2 notes HDF 110

andrea lott
GPA 2.83

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These notes cover norms, power & stereotypes
Opression : Roots & Impact
Kristy Shih
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by andrea lott on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDF 110 at Central Michigan University taught by Kristy Shih in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Opression : Roots & Impact in Human Development at Central Michigan University.

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Date Created: 09/14/16
WEEK 2 NOTES  Norms, Power & Stereotypes o Defined Norm  Standard against which “others” are evaluated  What’s considered norm in the U.S.?  White, male, heterosexual….  Who gets to decide?  Those who have power & control  Majority (Numeric) ≠ Majority (Social/Political) o Norm, “The Other”  Anything that’s not part of norm  Seen as abnormal, deviant, inferior, marginalized, not “right”, not fully human  For the “Norm”: Other is unknown, and difficult to comprehend  For the “Other”: always know and understands those who hold power (the “Norm”) o Power  What is Power?  Ability to achieve goals, wishes, and desires even in the face of opposition from others ( Max Weber)  Social process and relationship: o Individual characteristics o Values that are assign to those social characteristics o Forms (institutional)  Ideological  Control of ideas & knowledge  Political  Legitimized direct control over others  Economic  Control of materials/ goods & resources o Ideological Power  Production and control of ideology that justifies, supports and rationalizes interests of dominant groups  Positive (“normal”) images of dominant group  Negative stereotypes of subordinate group (“controlling images”)  Institutions: education, media, religion o Political Power  Production and control of laws and policies over participation as citizens  Biased treatment in criminal justice system (racial profiling)  Biased social policies ( welfare policy, immigration policy)  Institutions: the state, law, police o Economic Power  Production and control over goods, jobs income, wealth, health care, housing, education  Favorable legislations for the powerful/ wealthy  Exploitation of subordinate group members in labor market  Institutions: finance, communication, work, industry o Economic power & institutions  Economic power ↔ Institutions  Control over support  Stereotypes o What is it?  Beliefs that individuals hold about members of a group based on generalizations about the characteristics of all members of that group o How Stereotypes work?  Stereotypes about someone or something → generalization… do I fit? Not fit? → see yourself and others as unique or individual →insider/outsider (normal in group/ “other” as abnormal) o Why?  Blaming the victims  Putting themselves in the situations:  Females wearing “showing” clothing equals domestic violence/ rape  Welfare reform: “people on welfare are lazy; unwilling to work”  Immigration: “immigrants take our jobs, ruining schools, and destroying neighborhoods”  Critiques:  Diverts attentions away from the true cause of the victimization  Social/ structural factors not examined


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