Psych 1101 Ch4 Notes
Psych 1101 Ch4 Notes Psyc 1101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hanna Notetaker on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 1101 at University of Georgia taught by Kara A. Dyckman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Elementary Psycology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Psych 1101 Ch4 Consciousness >The state of being aware of oneself, one’s thoughts, or the environment >You are conscious during sleep and even when you have no memory of certain events. The Nature of Consciousness >Automatic Processing: where there is little or no conscious effort -Many cognitive processing is done unconsciously >Selective Attention: you consciously decide what you want to focus on, ignoring other information Inattentional Blindness >If you are not paying attention to a certain thing, you are blind to it Levels of Consciousness >There are 6 levels: Wakefulness, Sleepiness, Drug-Induced State, Dreaming, Hypnotic State, and Meditative State Sleep >REM (Rapid Eye Movement) Sleep: Occurs when you are dreaming >Sleep Paralysis: Your muscles are paralyzed when in REM sleep Sleep Deprivation >Deterioration of physical and mental health -Cognitive Abilities: Memory, Attention, Reaction Time, Decision Making -Irritability -Microsleep: uncontrollable sleep that lasts several seconds REM Deprivation >REM Rebound Effect: When you get the chance for longer sleep, you spend more time in REM sleep and go into REM sleep faster. Circadian Rhythm >Daily patterns that affect behavior, alertness, and activity levels; follows a 24hr cycle of daylight and darkness >Your internal clock is located in the hypothalamus in the superchiasmatic nucleus (above the optic chiasm) Altered States of Consciousness >Psychoactive Drugs -Depressants: depress the central nervous system (CNS); neural activity is decreased; Causes your body and all of its functions to slow down -Barbiturates: sedative; slows you down externally and internally -Opioids: minimize perception of pain; can be exogenous (taken) or endogenous (internal) -Alcohol: can bind to the same receptors as gaba (an inhibitory neurotransmitter), creating more inhibitions in the nervous system -Stimulants: increases neural activity- creates more alertness, elevated mood -Cocaine -Amphetamines: increases the release of dopamine (a “feel better” neurotransmitter) -Caffeine: blocks adenosine (a relaxing neurotransmitter) -Hallucinogens: alters perceptions -LSD -Ecstasy (MDMA): increases serotonin (“feel better” neurotransmitter) -Marijuana >Hypnosis -Suggestion
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