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by: Shoshana Tamir

Hearing Psyc 10300-02

Shoshana Tamir

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About this Document

how we hear and see
General Psychology
Class Notes
hearing, Psychology
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shoshana Tamir on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 10300-02 at Ithaca College taught by Warren in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 09/14/16
Class Notes Week 4 Wednesday Self-Quiz Difference between absolute and difference threshold? Difference: minimum between 2 stimuli required for detection Absolute: smallest amount of stimuli that you can detect Webbers Law?  Computes the just noticeable difference  The change needed is proportional to the original intensity of the stimulus  The more intense the stimulus the more change is needed to notice the difference Notes How do we hear? Tiny hairs that vibrate registering noise Nerve Deafness: damaged hairs Conduction Deafness: damage to system outside mechanics Frequency=pitch Amplitude=loudness Bottom- Up Processing: Processing is the processing of incoming sensory info into the brain Top-Down Processing: brain’s usage of knowledge, belief, and expectations to interpret sensory info Mind challenging pictures are both Perceptual: set occurs when we interpret ambiguous stimulus in terms of how our past has “set” us to perceive it Gestalt psychologists: examines the whole picture and believe that the whole is more than the sum of their parts The Figure-Ground Principle: the brain organizes sensory info into the figure and the background Perceptual Constancy: Perceptual stability of the size, shape, brightness, & color for familiar object seen at various distances, angles, and lighting. Linear Perception: a monocular depth cue referring to the facts that as parallel lines recede away from us, they appear to converge Review How do we hear? Hairs in our ear vibrate and we register sound Difference between top-down and bottom-up processing? Top-bottom: what you use what you know between the figure and the back ground. Bottom-up sensory perception and you process it in the brain How does context influence your perception? A similar letter almost alike can be placed in both words and our context can change that letter to that we expect that to be. What influences your depth perception? Parallel liners converging causes us to see depth.


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