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Federalism - Weeks 2&3 - POLS 2312

by: Sera

Federalism - Weeks 2&3 - POLS 2312 POLS 2312-006

Marketplace > University of Texas at Arlington > History > POLS 2312-006 > Federalism Weeks 2 3 POLS 2312

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About this Document

These notes cover Federalism in America and different types of Federalism, as well as a little bit more of the history of national vs. state power in America from State and Local Governments with D...
State & Local Government
Daniel D Sledge
Class Notes
federalism, texas, texasgovernment, state, local, StateGovernment, localgovernment, America, history, pols2312, sledge
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sera on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2312-006 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Daniel D Sledge in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 79 views. For similar materials see State & Local Government in History at University of Texas at Arlington.


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Date Created: 09/14/16
Note taker: Sera POLS-2312 Federalism  Federalism is a principle of government based on separation of powers between the national and sub-national governments  Checks and balances are in place to counter balance different branches of government o Legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government Types of Federalism  Dual Federalism (Layer cake federalism) o Vision of the Constitution in which the federal government and the state governments inhabit separate spheres o Those who support this type of federalism love the 10 amendment because it limits some national powers  Cooperative Federalism (Marble cake federalism) o Vision of federalism in which the federal government, states, and localities share responsibilities o Emphasis on the Supremacy clause with this form of federalism Benefits of Federalism  It works against the concentration of powers  States are the “laboratories of democracy,” they experiment with new policies  States and localities are potentially more responsive to local needs  Allows for more flexibility  Federalism ensures divergent results across jurisdictions Federalism and Race  States had authority over the institution of slavery  Many debates about federalism and national power have revolved around race Alexander Hamilton  Secretary of the Treasury during Washington’s presidency  Advocated for national assumption of every state’s debt; funding of existing public debt  Creation of national bank  Excise tax on alcohol  Tariff on imports Democratic-Republicans  Support for this party was centered in the West and the South  The party envisioned an agrarian republic with individual liberty grounded in land ownership and responsive local government  Secretary of State to Washington, Thomas Jefferson, supported this party Note taker: Sera POLS-2312 The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions  In 1798, the Alien & Sedition Acts were passed under the administration of John Adams during a quasi-war with the French o The Alien act increased made it harder to become a US citizen, gave new powers to the government to deport foreigners, and made it harder for immigrants to vote o The Sedition Acts were used to convict men who spoke out against the government, usually Democratic-Republican newspaper editors  Kentucky and Virginia passed bills to nullify the Alien and Sedition Acts  These resolutions suggested that when the federal government exceeded its authority, the states could nullify its acts The Nullification Crisis (1828)  John Calhoun argued that the federal government was a creation of the states, which were the final arbiters of the constitutionality of laws  Tariff of Abominations (1828) and Compromise Tariff (1832) – hurt rural communities and caused much strife among the south  In November 1832, a Nullification Convention met in South Carolina and declare the two tariffs unconstitutional and unenforceable in the state  In 1833, a new Compromise Tariff was drafted thanks to Henry Clay who brokered a compromise bill with Calhoun to lower the tariffs over the next decade Civil War  Abraham Lincoln was elected in 1960 o States began to secede from the union almost immediately  Civil War was fought from 1861-1865 – Union victory  “Civil War amendments” o 13 (1865): Outlawed slavery th o 14 (1868): Created a national citizenship o 15 (1870): National right to vote regardless of “race, color, or previous condition of servitude” – not sex The New Deal  1933: Stock market crashes, sends country into the Great Depression  FDR passes laws that make the national government stronger  The “Great Society” – domestic programs launched by the Johnson administration to eliminate poverty and racial in justice  Grants-in-aid: programs through which Congress provides money to states and local governments on the condition that the funds be employed for purposes chosen by the federal government


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