Coastal Kingdoms and Empires
Coastal Kingdoms and Empires HIST 005
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HIST 101 - 01
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erika Ladd on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 005 at Howard University taught by Neil Vaz in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Intro to Black Diaspora 1 in History at Howard University.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Formed between the years of 1500 and 1870 as a result of the transatlantic slave trade. Djolof Empire and it’s 5 vassal states • Part of the Mali Empire, but once the Mali empire fell, Djolof became it’s own empire. • Formed as a result of the transatlantic slave trade • They (coastal groups that no longer had to depend of Djolof because of the Portuguese) set themselves apart from the interior Djolof. • The groups were Walo, Cayor, Baol, Sin, and Saluum. 1. Wolof people and Mandingo (minority) and Fula lived in Walo and Cayor (modern day Senegal and Gambia). 2. Serer are the people in Baol, Sin, and Saluum. Asante Empire • Imposed their will on others, particularly to their south and sold slaves to the Europeans. • Integrated them into their society • Present-day Ghana (not to be confused with the empire of Ghana) • During colonial times it was known as the Gold Coast. • Traded gold north with the western sudanese people. • Used to trade gold with the south coast with the Portuguese in exchange with whatever the people needed in the 1480s. • Speak and name their kids after the days of the week. • Assim, Kwahu, Denyira, Wassa were groups in the south at they conquered • A leader, Opuku Ware, led these expeditions in 1701. • Their first king was Osei Tutu. Fante Kingdom • They were voluntarily coalescing with one another against Asante and slave traders. • They were afraid of being under the Asante people. • They defended themselves on the coast from the Asante, when the Asante starting moving south. • Etsi, Esebu, Fetu, and Agona were some groups that coalesced to become the Fante. Dahomey Kingdom • Involuntarily coalesced by the Fon (conquerers) people. • They conquered people who lived in Allada (1724), Ouidah (1727), Popo, and Jakim. • Similar to the Asante Kingdom. Dominated some coastal kingdoms. • They were aggressors. • Next to present-day Nigeria. • Centered more inland and conquered Allada, Ouidah, and Popo. Oyo Empire • Where present-day Nigeria was. • Majority of the people were Yoruba. • Made Dahomey pay tribute to them for certain periods of time in their history (they were that powerful) • Before their rise, around the 17th century, the kingdom was composed of dozens of autonomous kingdoms • After that they started to coalesce. Kingdom of Ndongo • Voluntarily coalesced to defend themselves from the people of the kingdom of the Kongo. • Used to be slaves of the Kongo people. • Live in the south. • The people are known as Mbundu. • Next to the old kingdom of the Kongo.
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