Chapter 2 Ethics
Chapter 2 Ethics PSYC 314
Popular in Research Methods in Psychology
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Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Makenzie Hooper on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 314 at Towson University taught by Brianna Stinebaugh in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Towson University.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Research Methods Study Guide Exam 1 Chapter 2 Notes Chapter 2 Ethics I. Ethics Intro 1. Ensure safety and health of participants 2. Responsible Research a. Want to benefit humanity (GOAL) b. Expand on past psychological knowledge c. No harm should come to participants 3. Population in Studies a. Humans b. Animals 4. CITI Training a. Training researchers have to go through BEFORE you can propose a study and conduct research 5. You are liable for your participants a. Physical or psychological harm b. Intentional or accidental II. Laws and Regulations 1. Human Participants a. Title 45, section 46 b. People who get funding for their research NEEDS to have a review board in place Institutional Review Board (IRB) 2. IRB a. Reviews ALL studies BEFORE they can occur b. They ensure safety and health of participants c. Impacts publication of research Needs to have approval from the IRB before publication d. The IRB members are experts in Research Methods Referred to as Lay people (General Population) Community members and representatives of the organization 3. Things IRB Look For – Application Process a. Obtained informed consent b. No invasion of privacy c. No coercion d. Minimal stress At risk physically/ psychologically they will be harmed Risk/Benefit Analysis e. Deception only when there are no alternatives Participants must be debriefed afterwards f. Confidentiality 4. Informed Consent Form a. Notifies participants ALL aspects of the study that the need to know b. Once given, consent to the study will be decided Written/ typed c. Done after initial contact with participants d. They received 2 copies They must read it to themselves Researcher must read it to them Questions must be answered Both parties must sign the 2 copies e. If participant is a minor or cognitively impaired, then parents or legal guardian must give consent If the participant is 7 years old or older they must give assent Language of the study must be in a way your participant will understand 5. What is included in the Informed Consent Form? a. Description of study b. Description of methodology c. State the risks and benefits d. State it is confidential e. State it is voluntary f. Participants can leave at any time g. If they leave, it does not affect their status h. Must answer all questions i. Must give your name, number and email and of any faculty sponsors and IRB members j. Two lines for sign and date III. Evolution of Ethics 1. Neumberg (1947) a. Set up ethical standards similar to what we use today Influenced consent Reduce suffering Must have fruitful results Proper preparation Explain risks Know when to terminate a study 2. National Commission for Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research (1947) a. Part of U.S. National Research Act 3. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare Issued a Belmont Report a. Any study with human subjects must follow these policies 4. 4 Ethical Principles – Belmont Report a. Respect of Persons Participants have the right to make research decisions Stay/terminate/give consent Protects special participants Prisoner, pregnant women, and children Influenced inform consent form b. Beneficence Maximize benefits/Minimize risks Not causing harm or stress Influenced Risk/Benefits Analysis c. Justice Treat them fairly Select participants fairly Benefits humanity as a whole 5. Animal Research a. Animal Welfare Act (1966) Standard protocols Ethical Guidelines Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) 6. IACUC a. Approves/Disapproves animal research studies b. Includes: Experts in Research Methods Lay People (community) Specialized Vets who are experts in psychological research lab animals Must be present during study