Transatlantic Slave Trade
Transatlantic Slave Trade HIST 005
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erika Ladd on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 005 at Howard University taught by Neil Vaz in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Intro to Black Diaspora 1 in History at Howard University.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Portugal brought 5.8 million slaves. Spain took 1.1 million slaves. They dominated around 1500- 1640 with Spain. Then there was the rise in British and French slave trade. (Class notes that are missing) British • 3.3 million slaves • Sugar 1. Barbados (1640s) 2. Jamaica 3. Ceded Islands (1763): Grenada, Tobago, Dominica, and St. Vincent. Neutral islands with large French populations. • Tobacco 1. British North America (the colonies) • Rice 1. South Carolina • Also had Trinidad French • 1.4 million slaves • Sugar • Introduced the French Antilles in the 1640s 1. Originally the ceded islands that were neutral. French people, but not legally French • Acquired Saint Domingue from the Spanish (1697) Dutch • 554,000 slaves • Slave labor was minimal and diversified in the Dutch Antilles • Sugar and Coffee 1 Suriname (1667) USA • 305,000 slaves from Africa directly • Tobacco - Virginia • Rice - South Carolina • Cotton - Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas • Sugar in New Orleans, and in Florida along with Cotton, but sugar wasn’t as important as rice, tobacco, and cotton. • Mostly urban and domestic jobs in the North. • What drove their slave trade (addiction): 1 Sugar 2 Tobacco 3 Rice 4 Coffee 5 Mining 6 Urban Jobs Sugar • Portugeuese and Brazil • Dutch takeover in the 1640s and they adopted the Brazilians ideals about sugar • Then the Dutch left and went to Barbados and established it there a • The British adopted it from them Barbados. That’s where the sugar industry skyrocketed, especially after the British brought it to Jamaica in 1655 Transatlantic Slave trade • Popular points of embarkation (coastal areas): 1 Senegambia 2 Sierra Leone 3 Windward Coast (modern day Liberia) 4 Gold Coast (modern day Ghana) 5 Bight of Benin (modern day Togo, Benin, and West Nigeria) 6 Bight of Biafra (modern day East Nigeria, Cameroon) 7 West Central Africa (the most came from here) • Popular points of disembarkation: • Temporal look at the rise in Captives embarking from different regions 1 Senegambia (1440s) (1751) (1776) 2 Sierra Leone (1751) (1776) 3 Windward Coast (1751) (1776) 4 Gold Coast (1701) 5 Bight of Benin (1724) 6 Bight of Biafra (1730) 7 West Central Africa (1575)