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Numbers and Regions of the Slave Trade

by: Erika Ladd

Numbers and Regions of the Slave Trade HIST 005

Marketplace > Howard University > History > HIST 005 > Numbers and Regions of the Slave Trade
Erika Ladd

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About this Document

These notes look at the numbers of slaves in the transatlantic slave trade and the differences between slavery in the Americas, Portugal, and Spanish America.
Intro to Black Diaspora 1
Neil Vaz
Class Notes
Africa, African Studies, African Slavery
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erika Ladd on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 005 at Howard University taught by Neil Vaz in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Intro to Black Diaspora 1 in History at Howard University.


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Date Created: 09/14/16
Numbers Debate on Transatlantic Slave Trade • Phillip Curtain: 9.5 million people taken out of Africa during the era of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. Wrong because on record now is 10 million. • Joseph Inikori: 15 million or more. • David Richardson: 12.5 million. • David Eltis: 12.5 million. • David Richardson and David Eltis made the database. Most people use their estimates. Slavery in the Americas • Chattel: treated like property • Different degrees in different areas, but all treated like property • Can be broken down into 3 different eras: 1. Iberian era (1550-1640) - Spain and Portugal 2. British/French (1641-1807) - They started navigating the sea and establishing their own ports in Western African coast and their own colonies in America at the same time. In 1804, the Haitian revolution ended, and instilled fear in peoples mind. Abolished transatlantic slave trade in America, France, and Britain. 3. Brazil/Cuba era (1808-1867) - They took over the slave trade. Cuba and Brazil started importing slaves for sugar, which Haiti was no longer producing sugar after the Haitian revolution. Portuguese • Took 5.8 million people out of Africa • Main colony was Brazil • They were sugar producers on plantations in northeastern Brazil (1570s-1700) • They discovered gold in Minas Gerais, which is in central Brazil. People started migrating there after. (1700-1770) • People returned to northeast Brazil to produce sugar and tobacco • Coffee was mainly exported in Central and Southern Brazil (1820s-1888) Spanish America • Took 1.1 million people out of Africa • Primarily, they were brought there to mine gold and silver in Mexico and Peru (1500-1650) • Urban work and mixed agricultural production • Sugar was produced in Cuba (1790s-1866)


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