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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erika Ladd on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 005 at Howard University taught by Neil Vaz in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Intro to Black Diaspora 1 in History at Howard University.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Resistance: • It came in all forms • Shirking (Procrastinating and acting dumb) • Sabotaging tools • Infanticide • Poisoning • Running away 1. Petite maroonage (escape for a short period of time to visit loved ones on another plantation) 2. Grand maroonage (large groups of peoples or individuals would leave and never come back and they would live with groups of slaves called maroon communities in remote areas) • Slave revolt Poisoning: • “In 1712, Governor Phelypeaux of Martinique was alarmed by the prospect of a slave revolt which had loomed in the air for two years, and by talk of ‘black poisoners’ whose aim was to kill animals and people. As a result of increasing death rates in the eighteenth century among planters, slaves, and animals in Guadeloupe, Martinique, and Saint Domingue, French authorities issued a series of ordinances to curb poisoning.” (Bernard Moitt, Women in and Slavery in the French Antilles, p. 140) • Louisiana (1720s) • Saint Domingue (1750s) • Makandal (runaway slave in Saint Domingue) 1. Killed up to 6,000 people • Bermuda (1720s-1760s) Slave Revolts: • Higher probability of massive slave revolts occurred when... 1 Absenteeism: slave owners didn’t live in the same colony as the slaves. The people who looked over the slaves were hired as overseers. 2 Economic distress and famine 3 Slaveholding units approached 100-200 slaves 4 Strife between the ruling class 5 African born slaves far outnumber creole slaves Slave Revolts on Slave Ships: • Senegambia 6% (% of Africans from this regions) but 20% of revolts • Sierra Leone 3.1% but 14% revolts • Windward Coast 2.7% but 5% of revolts • Gold Coast 9.7% but 16% of revolts • Bight of Benin 16% but 17% of revolts • Bight of Biafra 12.7% but 15% of revolts • West Central African 45.5% but 8% of revolts • Southeast Africa 4.3% but 5% of revolts African Slave Revolts: • Muslims were in the early slave trade • 1521 Christmas Revolt (Hispaniola): Made people second guess importing muslims after they revolted. • 1526 Pee Dee River (South Carolina) • 1540s Wolof revolt on Diego Colon’s Plantation (Hispaniola) • August 14, 1543 Anti-Muslim Legislation Anti-Muslim Legislation • Muslim slaves and free Muslims who had recently converted to Catholicism, as well as their children, were prohibited in the colonies because they had occasioned much inconvenience in the past.