The four groups of the Haitian Revolution
The four groups of the Haitian Revolution HIST 005
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erika Ladd on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 005 at Howard University taught by Neil Vaz in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Intro to Black Diaspora 1 in History at Howard University.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Haitian Revolution (4 major groups): • Grand Blanc: Rich white people who were absentee planters and etc. They owned property and slaves. • Free People of Color: Products of rich white class, who had babies with the white population. Those babies would be free. They had some stigma because of their race. Not considered citizens. • Petit Blanc: The poor whites. Did the majority of the work in the plantations for the rich white. They aspired to be rich and owned slaves. They went back and froth between France and Haiti. • Enslaved Africans: Vast majority of the population (90%). In 1789, there was the French Revolution. There were lots of ideas going around due to the French revolution. They had the Declaration of the Rights of Man, which said that all men are equal. These ideas spread to the French colonies of Saint Domingue and the other groups. 1. Free people of color took this to mean that they should be citizens. This new revolutionary government gave them citizenship. 2. Petit blanc and free people of color and grand blanc were fighting because they wanted equality in 1789-1791. 3. The enslaved Africans took advantage of this unrest and in 1791 came together. On August 14, 1791, Dutty Bunkman had a voodoo ceremony in Bois Caiman to rally support. He promised protection to supporters of the revolution. 4. Toussaint Lauverture (main general in the Haitian Revolutionary war) had an agenda of sticking with the Spanish instead of the French. 5. Bois Caiman 6. 1793 7. 1798