Inventing Dallas and Ft. Worth
Inventing Dallas and Ft. Worth 3351
Popular in DFW Metroplex
verified elite notetaker
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Gipson on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 3351 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Robert Fairbanks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see DFW Metroplex in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
Reviews for Inventing Dallas and Ft. Worth
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/14/16
Inventing Dallas and Ft. Worth The Founding of Dallas o Dallas and the region North Texas in 1841 Settled the area. NT was pretty scarce in population during the late 1830s. 3 motivations: o Lure with free land to own o Advertising o Rid the threat of Natives Birds Fort and Birds Fort Treaty in 1843 Texas Land and Emigration Company (Peter’s Colony) Made deals with entrepreneurs o 26 colonies over 10 million acres that was granted to the company. o Founding of Dallas was built on land promised to another person. International advertisement o Dallas as Real Estate Venture John Neely Bryan as town planter Indian trading post in 1839, but when he came back in ’41, there was no Natives. o Give land and encourage settlers to come to the area. o The Location of Dallas Trinity River Initial Dallas foundation was RIGHT where the Trinity was thin enough to cross over. o The Indian paths and crossing o Grid System Old Red Courthouse remains in the same spot it is today. Black land prairie region o Dallas Spearhead 1851- 160 families in Dallas The region to the west and southwest was still Indian territory and the region to the south was just opening up Dallas was the commercial point at the furthest edge of an extended area of settlement o Dallas leadership Bryan—First Dallas booster Sarah and Alex Cockrell and Others Dreaming the city The Founding of Ft. Worth o The Fort and Urban Boosters Major Ripley Arnold and the Fort Only rope around the fort, no real protection. First Line of Forts o 1848-1850 o Created a defense along to Trinity River from the Native Americans Middleton Tate Johnson is contacted by Arnold to help with knowledge over the area. Johnson was out of Arlington. o Ft. Worth as a village After the military leaves, who remains? “A dirty, dreary mean little place.” o Leadership Middleton Tate Johnson as a city builder E.M. Daggett, hotel and shop keeper. Important figure at the time. Indian trader in Shelby County. Tarrant County by 1854. Strong advocate of Ft. Worth. Work hard for the city vs. Birdville. He understood that if the city grew, he would benefit. Lots of land/real estate. Helped build the Stockyards. John Peter Smith school master and booster. “Father of Ft. Worth.” Started the first school, became a lawyer and bought tons of land. First streetcar for the city. Big role in bringing the Railroads through. STRONGLY committed to the city and utilized every tool he had to ensure the prosperity of Ft. Worth. o Ft. Worth as a Spearhead 1865 Tarrant county population 1k The Emergence of Dallas and Fort Worth o Why Dallas? Urban competition 1858, 58 towns in Texas. 35 are larger. 1890, Dallas becomes the largest in the state. Securing the County Seat defeating Hords Ridge (Dallas Zoo, now Oak Cliff) and Cedar Springs. Land for the courthouse which meant lower taxes for the city. La Reunion Colony Victor Considerant’s dream of a Fourier colony 1855, 200 arrive at Galveston and move to Dallas area to create LA Reunion Colony fails and gives Dallas an edge FtW suffered huge blow Economic Development during the Civil War. Pre RR wheat center foodstuff base for Many people volunteered for the Confederates Confederacy and most Limits of market town—transportation issues didn’t return home. Ft. Problem of overland transportation Worth, at one point, o Why Ft. Worth? only had 250 residents. Urban boosterism-the court house scam o Birdville competition for house seat. Virgin land and the promotion of farming and buffalo hides Great Buffalo Hunts during this time frame. Provided something, “extra,” for Ft. Worth. Stage Coaches Trans-shipment area for mail. o Steel Line 1856 Dallas- Fort Belknap line US mail 1858 FW Jacksboro Stage line Cows and McCoy trail Joseph McCoy and the cattle trails o Trail to Abilene, Kansas Negotiated with the Indians to take cattle up through Oklahoma territory. (Chisolm Trail) o Importance is where the cattle trail GOES. FtW is the last stop on the trail before it heads into OK, which at the time remains Indian Land. Cowboys needed supplies and materials to make the trek through the trail in the Northern states, which allowed FtW to grow and prosper, giving into the demand of the citizens. o Longhorns are depleted, but better breeding of longhorn. FtW begins GREAT relationship with West Texas. “Urban” life in North Texas o Life in Early Dallas and FtW Ground wells for water source o Women in urban frontier. Critical Role in the early stages of the city development of these cities. Main source of food: gardens, cooking etc. Chop the wood Sewing skills for clothes Laundry Caretakers of children (biggest job of all) o Black in the urban frontier o Court House Fire and the Texas Troubles o Life of the Freedman
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'