POL 336 Week 1 Notes
POL 336 Week 1 Notes POL 336
Popular in POLITICS OF MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA
Popular in History of Africa and the Middle East
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kincaid Lathram on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL 336 at Miami University taught by Professor Michael Marshall in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see POLITICS OF MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA in History of Africa and the Middle East at Miami University.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Normative tradition Normative theories focus on “should” questions Should Nations Democratize Is democracy the most just form of Gov.? What should a political institution work? What should religions role be in government Normative theory building since ancient times Greek cities- looked at democracy and how government should be just liberalism Rome- how much power should an executive have Eastern Empire- role of government in the lives of citizens Empirical tradition Grew about from the behavioral revolution 2 countries may have the same structures, but o Function varies greatly Institution maintaining System maintaining o Performance differs greatly (why France’s republic didn’t work but it did in the US) Studying the how and why something has happened The Behavioral Revolution At the end of the American Isolationism researchers begin using European politics to understand American phenomenon US becomes a super power but lacks the knowledge required to manage world politics as well as domestic issues in other states Cold War comparative politics becomes interest of national security goals was to analyze those that disagree and figure out how to act and work with them democratization and the spread and how to successfully spread Civil War and revolutions and why they start and what causes them to begin as small groups due international institutions actually work Strife on American Politics our own problems become interest of security figure out: race and ethnic politics, riots and protests, voting behavior, federal bureaucracy, perils of presidentialism Nations cannot be studied in a lab Quasi-Experimental Methods o favoring facts over values o control for the effects of alternative factors o Isolate the effects o We use statistical methodologies State or National Level Internal factors such as o political institutions o audience costs o Bureaucratic structure o Regime type o Linkage Institutions- media, elections, political parties, churches o Economic conditions and development o Ethnic politics o Violence Organization-level sub-national politics (parties, interest groups, rebels, militias) o recruitment o administrative abilities o candidate pools o manifestos and ideologies o hierarchy o how they are organized individual-level political culture and behavior o beliefs o values o attitudes political psychology and leadership studies o cognitive ability o information processing o framing o bureaucratic setting o leadership characteristic Systemic Level comparisons and interactions between states militarized disputes relative power capabilities of states balance of power and interconnectedness foreign policy outcomes trade and foreign investment human rights and genocide International Relations bargaining between states in an anarchic world the anarchic world o the politics of the world tend to be consistently variable o actors behave under the conditions of the state of nature o determined by how much power you wield ensures your survival o people look out only for themselves and do anything to accomplish this o schools of thought have developed over this debate Hobbesian Scholars = realists Locke-Kantian scholars = liberals Why do states democratize?
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