Urban History and City Building in Texas
Urban History and City Building in Texas 3351
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Gipson on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 3351 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Robert Fairbanks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see DFW Metroplex in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
HIST 3351 DFW Urban History and City Building in Texas Cities and City Builders o Definitions and purposes What is a Metroplex? Invented by an advertising firm after the DFW Airport was built. What is a city? A center of population, commerce and culture; often of significant size and importance. Non- agricultural. Economics tied into the growth of the city. Urban forms and functions Political unit, social unit, commercial unit? Tool for control, conquest and settlement, trade and protective functions. Spanish Cites in Texas San Antonio (1573) o Supply center for East Texas. o Military, Presidio o By 1772, provincial capital and technical municipality of the region. Law of the Indes o Planning document in regards to development of citths. City Building and City Systems in the 19 Century o Two Major National Movements: City Building MANIA Americans speculating in land, finding good sites, developing a city and own the land. Sell the real estate and make serious money. Throughout the Mid-West o Trans-continental railroads. o Dallas settled by a well-known city planner, John Neely Bryan, in 1841. o Houston settled by 2 New York investors. Western Movement Southerners, after Civil War, moved to Texas to settle and restart. o DFW and Fourth Wave of Urban Development Seaboard New York, Pennsylvania, etc. Ohio River Valley Great Lake Area (1850-80) HIST 3351 DFW Emergence of Industrialization Texas and the Great Plains Why do some cities grow? o What do cities need to grow? Dallas and Houston fought and bribed for the railroads to come through the town. San Antonio had military stability and constant trade with Mexico so they didn’t really want much more. o The Keys (3 L’s) Luck Panic of 1873 in Dallas o Westward railroad was stopped in Dallas because the firm behind the investment was shut down. Location o Understanding the distribution of cities Christaller’s Central Place Theory Cities grow by providing more services to a larger area than any other city. Bigger the territory to dominate then the cities will become powerful b/c they provide more services to more people. Dallas and Ft. Worth compete to become the “grand” city of North Texas. Ft. Worth= cattle and West Texas Dallas= cotton and grain Not a bunch of overlap to conquer, 2 different ideologies. o Cities and the Gulf Coast Turner thesis Metropolitan thesis as a corrective Cities and the Gulf Coast o Early Urban Growth: The timing and pattern of urbanization in Texas o Reasons why?
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