HIST 307 Week 5 Lecture Notes
HIST 307 Week 5 Lecture Notes HIST 307
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Popular in Louisiana history
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alaina Notetaker on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 307 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by James Wilson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Louisiana history in History at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
9/14 Main point: increasing American presence in Spanish Louisiana • Second wave of Acadians arrive in LA (1785) First large settlements of Acadians; much larger than the first wave One of the most important groups that came under the Spanish because it reinforced the French culture and language • Islenos arrive in LA (1778-1783) Come from the Canary Islands Came to Louisiana because they were giving out land grants Had their own unique culture • "Kaintocks" Largest cultural group coming into Louisiana Flatboat farmers; from the western United States; "not the socially/culturally elite" Came to Louisiana by using the Mississippi River to float down into the colony The name was considered derogatory; their speech wasn't proper and they weren't dressed formally like the French Initially they were just transporting goods into Louisina but decided to stay because of the opportunities • Population on Louisiana, 1762-1788 1762 ‣ FPC - 163 ‣ Total - 7,500 1769 ‣ Total - 13,500 1777 ‣ White - 8,381 ‣ Slave - 9,009 ‣ FPC - 536 ‣ Total - 17,926 1788 ‣ White - 19,500 ‣ Slave - 21,500 ‣ FPC - 1,700 ‣ Total - 42,700 • Coarticion "Self purchase" Slaves had to purchase their freedom They could petition the courts and the court would determine a price, if they could meet their price then they could purchase their freedom; prices were set high; this encouraged slaves to work harder and save rather than to revolt The status in slave systems would follow the mother; if the mother was free, her child is free; if the father is free but the mother is a slave, the child is a slave The Spanish were stricter on their slaves and gave them less freedom within the slavery system itself, but they offered the possibility of real freedom The French gave their slaves many freedoms within the slavery system, but they didn't really have a chance at real freedom Transition into real freedom: ‣ Having a trade or a skill was the most important thing when it came to being a slave; you were treated better and had a better chance of earning and saving money ‣ Women used sex as a trade as an advantage of a system; they didn't get paid for sex, but the relationship with the slave owner puts you in a position to get better treatment and possibly money ‣ Having bonds with whites as a FPC was very important; reputation could help or hurt you ‣ FPC and slaves were divided by skin color: light skin vs. dark skin; skin tone was important • Great Fires of 1788 and 1794 Good Friday - March 21, 1788 ‣ Destroys most of the city; only a couple buildings left standing; $3 million in damage ‣ An alter caught fire and wind caused it to spread very quickly December 4, 1794 ‣ 200 buildings burnt down After the city rebuilds from the fires, it becomes one of the most metropolitan cities in the states • Pere Antoine (Antonio de Sedella) Sent here originally after Spanish takes control of the colony; came to see if Louisiana would be an adequate place to bring the Spanish Inquisition • How the colony changes New positions are created under the Spanish; lawyers, sheriff, notaries, salesmen No more bartering; currency and paper and coin money was more popular; transactions were regulated Everything became documented and regulated; needed licenses and "permits" to do things First newspaper is established; first book was published (Dionesio Braud) causing libraries to develop; schooling was developed; taxes were implemented and used to pay for education and public and health Public services greatly expand More cosmopolitan First fire department and police department are established First portait painter (Gilbert Guillemard) • Marie Therese Metoyer ("CoinCoin") Develops a relationship with a free white man His relatives sell her to New Orleans to discourage the relationship He purchases her back They enter into a concubine relationship and they have children while she is enslaves He meets a white woman (with the same exact name) and marries her The slave woman gains freedom and she ends up buying slaves and having land Influential for free blacks "Cane River Creoles" • Population of Louisiana 1803 = 50,000 total (3,350 FPC) • Other things happening outside the colony 1789- French Revolution ‣ Just as important to the development of the colony as the American Revolution ‣ France put forth a whole new world view ‣ Medical advances come about from the revolution ‣ By 1790s, people had embraced the idea of the revolution which led to the colony challenging their own leaders ‣ 1795- Frenchmen make their way into Louisiana; they start organizing slaves to start a slave revolt; authorities find out and a trial is held and the Frenchmen are sent to prison 1791- Haitian Revolution ‣ Slaves from Haiti revolt and rise up ‣ Slaves use violence to rise up and maintain their freedom ‣ Slaves coming in from Haiti was outlawed for fear the slaves in Louisiana would get ideas about a revolt of their own • Etienne de Bore successfully takes sugar cane in its raw liquid form and changes it into granulated form; sugar could now be shipped for long distances 9/19 STUDY TERMS • Treaty of San Ildefonso (1800) • Napoleon Bonaparte • Thomas Jefferson • James Monroe • Francois Barbe-Marbois • Louisiana Purchase (1803) • Pierre Clement de Laussat • Entienne de Bore • William C.C. Claireborne • General James Wilkinson • Orleans Territory (1804-1812) • Aaron Burr • Republic of West Florida • Robert Fulton's "New Orleans" • 1809-1810 Saint Domingue Refugees • 1811 Slave Revolt- "On To New Orleans" • Charles Deslondes • Andrew Jackson • Jean Lafitte • Domingue You • "The Baratarians" • Edward Pakenham • Lake Borgne • After the Treaty of San Ildefonso (1800) The Spanish give back Louisiana to the French because Napoleon requested that they did 1802- when it is found out that the treaty has been signed and the French have control over Louisiana • Napoleon Bonaparte is in control after the French Revolution (dictator of France) • Thomas Jefferson (president of America) says despite all of the things in common, France was going to be an enemy as long as they existed and were in control of New Orleans Sends Robert Livingston; negotiates in Paris; offered 10 million francs for the Island of Orleans; James Monroe assists in the negotiation Keeps a close eye on Napoleon's plans for North America • Pierre Clement Laussat French minister sent to Louisiana in 1803 Doesn't formally take control for months, but makes lasting changed before then Appoints a new mayor Etienne de Bore of New Orleans ‣ He was responsible for discovering how to make granulated sugar Eli Whitney creates the cotton gin around the same time granulated sugar becomes possible A new city council is put into place by Laussat Gets word that the Louisiana territory has been sold to the US; continues his duties anyway • Francois Barbe-Marbois Offers to sell Louisiana for 15 million francs to Livingston; livingston was not authorized to spend more than 10 million francs and also was only sent to buy New Orleans, not all of Louisiana; he takes the offer anyway • Louisiana Purchase - April 30, 1803 Louis and Clark are sent out to map out the territory that was purchased during the Louisiana Purchase Transfer of Louisiana to the United States; formal ceremonies at New Orleans, December 20, 1803 Issues related to the Louisiana Purchase ‣ National • Was it legal? The president was not authorized to purchase land; went against jefferson's values for minimizing the power of the president and following the laws of the constitution • How do we pay for it? America was broke after the American Revolution and did not have 15 million francs to pay France at the time of the purchase; America went to the British and asked to borrow the money and England agreed at the price of a high interest rate; 1823 America paid off about $23 million • How much land? ‣ Local • Cultural differences Language- went from French to English Religion- people feared the persecution of religious minorities; Ursuline nuns fled Character • Political differences? Used to the rule of a monarchy where they had no voice • Slavery? • Americans arrive in 1803 Governor William Claireborne and General James Wilkinson come to the colony to claim the land in the name of the United States Claireborne had the duty of turning the colonists into American citizens • Aaron Burr Conspiracy, 1806-1807 Thomas Jefferson ‣ Represented Virginia ‣ Adams ran against Jefferson in the presidential election; it was the first disputed election in America ‣ No electoral vote existed at this time; the government voted for candidates Aaron Burr ‣ Was supposed to become Jefferson's Vice President ‣ Represented the western territories; Tennessee area ‣ Someone was supposed to leave Burr's name off the ballot so Jefferson would win; they forgot to leave it off ‣ 35 rounds of voting take place and the vote is still tied; on the 36th voting, Thomas Jefferson is elected president but Aaron Burr is now his Vice President ‣ Responsible for killing Alexander Hamilton ‣ Plans to revolt against the United States ‣ Wilkinson publicizes his plans ‣ He serves a prison term and is exiled to Europe ‣ Returns to the US, becomes a lawyer in New York, and lives out the rest of his life
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