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Ch 1 lecture notes

by: Alexa Cortez

Ch 1 lecture notes Hdfs 1300

Alexa Cortez
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Lecture notes. all of the materials in notes are going to be on the exam.
Dev of Contemporary Families
Erica F Jordan
Class Notes




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Popular in Human Dev And Family Sciences

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexa Cortez on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hdfs 1300 at University of Houston taught by Erica F Jordan in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Dev of Contemporary Families in Human Dev And Family Sciences at University of Houston.


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Date Created: 09/14/16
What is marriage, and what is a family? Narrower Definitions… Marriage = “voluntary union for life of one man and one woman to the exclusion of all others” (Britain’s House of Lords, 1866) Marriage = legally recognized union between a man and woman Family = “a group of two people or more related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together” (U.S. Census Bureau) Family = nuclear family Versus Broader Definitions Marriage also includes polygamous marriages, arranged marriages, same-sex marriages, and/or cohabitating couples Marriage or family also include a union between two people in a committed relationship, in which they are united sexually, cooperate economically, and may give birth to, adopt, or rear children Families also may include affiliated kin Families may include extended family or others How has the family changed throughout history? Socially acceptable ideas about marriage and family are constructed based on historical and cultural factors. time but often still have some common threads.and change over Are families useful to societies? Functions of the Family 1. Economic security 2. Social prestige and status 3. Education and socialization 4. Protection 5. Religious tradition 6. Recreation 7. Affection How do different theorists view the family differently? Back up! What is a theorist? Someone who has a theory A theory is an organized set of ideas. A theory is based on what we think we know so far about a topic, based on systematic, scientific evidence. Theories often evolve (or change) as new evidence is found. It is very important that professionals who work with families realize that not everyone views family in the same way. Different people will often have different perspectives about the same family. What would a structural functionalist say about the family you had in mind? 1. Structural-Functional Theory Says the main function of the family is to procreate and raise children Believes family will be balanced and peaceful if everyone fulfills their own specific role and if those roles conform to the norms of society. What would a conflict theorist say about the family you had in mind? 2. Conflict Theory   Says those who have the resources have the power and that family conflict is inevitable and necessary   Potential sources of power in families: legitimacy, money, physical coercion, and love What would a feminist say about the family you had in mind? 3. Feminist Theory   Says family roles for men and women are socially constructed, not biologically determined   Focuses on the individual, subjective experiences of each family member, believing there is no “objective” or “neutral” view of the family; different family members have different experiences in the same family What would a symbolic interactionist say about the family you had in mind? 4. Symbolic Interaction Theory   Says we develop a sense of “self” based on our interactions with others--especially those who are important to us—and based on our society and the role that other people expect us to fulfill   How we think other people see us becomes a dominant part of how we see ourselves—the “looking-glass self” (Charles H. Cooley, sociologist) What would an ecological theorist say about the family you had in mind? 5. Ecological Theory. Says that we are influenced by multiple layers (or environments) as we develop. What would a social exchange theorist say about the family you had in mind? 6. Social Exchange Theory Says our behaviors in families are based on rewards, costs ,and the comparison of alternatives. What would a family systems theorist say about the family you had in mind? 7. Family Systems Theory   Says that we cannot be understood in isolation because we are interconnected to others   Focuses on concepts such as boundaries and rules of transformation What would a family life course theorist say about the family you had in mind? 8. Family Life Course/Development Theory.   Says families go through a life cycle of change over time which typically includes early marriage, living with young children, children leaving home, and the empty nest. What would a biosocial theorist say about the family you had in mind? 9. Biosocial Theory   Says family is an interaction of genes and environment; we are both biologically-driven and socialized to form families   Focuses on nepotism (favoritism shown to one’s kin), reciprocity (exchange of favors), and coercion (being forced to act against one’s will) One theory does not have all of the answers. Take-home message: There are many diverse ways to view the family. There is not one “right” answer, but some viewpoints definitely have more logical evidence to back them up than other viewpoints.  


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