History 202 Weeks 1-4
History 202 Weeks 1-4 History 202
Popular in American History
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Paige Evans on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 202 at Shepherd University taught by Dr. Marjenhoff in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see American History in History at Shepherd University.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
August 29, 2016 History 202 1876—1900 Settlers moving west Drawn to available resources Mining of oars, beginning with 1849 CA gold rush (Pikes Peak 1859, silver: Comstock load in 1860, Idaho 1863, etc…) Mining profits went to big corporations and financed by stockholders Miners opened up the west and encouraged railroads Mineral wealth and political organization gave mining areas a lot of clout in US Congress Speeded the admission of new states to the union, i.e. Nevada 1900, mineral strikes were no longer prominent Mineral oars were replaced by oil Ranching—Texas had around 5 million cattle roaming free (post civil war) Could be sold for as much as $4 a head, east cattle sold for $30 per heard Cowboy: ex-confederate soldiers, slaves 1:5 African American Earned around $25 a month Post Cowboy: Farmer Populations exploded towards northern MidwestFarmers Crop failure in 1870s drove crop prices up 1880s—crop prices fell from new crops being brought in 1870-1900 Doubled the number of acres under cultivation 300,000 Native Americans during civil war—2/3 lived on Great Plains How to get rid of Native American’s: Get rid of American Bison 1840—40 million buffalo in US 1875—only about 1 million left 1893—less than 1,000 remain American Indians were starved into submission Two large reservations: Oklahoma and South Dakota General Custer discovered oil in black hills of SD territory Attempted to buy and NA refused to tell War Custer attacked Little Big Horn in MontanaCuster’s last stand Marked beginning of the end for Indian’s 1887: Congress divided land into individual allotments 1890:Calvary attack against sue Indians—Wounded Knee Pushing Native American’s to adopt “white ways” Pushing to keep African American’s out 1883: court ruled that federal government had no right to interfere with discrimination by private enterprises or individuals 1896: Plessy v Ferguson: SC ruled that states had the right to segregate public facilities 1899: states could erect schools for white kids only even if there were no schools for African Americans Jim Crow Laws: tried to completely separate the races September 12, 2016 Imperialism and World Power Spanish American War Involvement let us become an imperial power in the world What is to end colonialism? Cuba fought for 30 years for independence from Spain Just 3 years after American Civil War 1898—America was interested in Cuba’s reconstruction American’s were the biggest foreign investors in Cuba Assisted in overthrow of the Spanish US involvement in foreign revolutions Once Cuba obtained independence, Platt Amendment 1903, American laid conditions for the assistance we provided with overthrowing the Spanish US took Philippian islands, Guam, and PR from Spain and made them American Colony 3 year war again Philippian Gorilla’s—lost over 4,000 men Put an end to the terrible miseries that Cuban’s have had to endure, protect American citizens, and want to intervene the business of American’s in Cuba Roosevelt—always advocate of American imperialism Assistant secretary of Navy Governor of NY prior to VP Rough Riders While Governor of NY, talked about responsibilities-Cuba, PR, Philippines American’s weren’t turning over Philippine governmentAmerica was colonizing country Anti-Imperialist LeagueAll men are entitled to life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness—right to self determination Came from 18 century Enlightenment from French Philosophers —natural law and natural rights=all mean were created equal 1990s—black community began to prefer term African Americans
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