HY 104: 8/22 Notes
HY 104: 8/22 Notes HY 104
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mikala Notetaker on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Chuck Clark in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see History 104 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
A. Abraham Lincoln and Reconstruction 1. During the War: December 1863 2. Still considering option on Good Friday a. Leniency or consequences b. The emergence of the Radicals B. Presidential Reconstruction 1. Johnson and the Planter class 2. Radical Republicans and opposition to Johnson 3. Impeachment and the ● Proclamation on Amnesty and Reconstruction (“Ten Percent” Plan): When 10% of the men that voted in the 1860 pres election agree that they will be loyal to the union going forward, they can form a state gov and hold elections for congress. ● Bushwacker: relies on superior knowledge of local conditions, knowing the rivers and valleys and hiding spots ● There was a confederate insurgency but it was not against joining the union. ● What do you do with the states that have not joined the union, fought the us, then wanted to be back in the union? ● On what terms will all of the inhabitants of those territories be readmitted into the US ● Lincoln's goal is to end the war as quickly as possible keeping the union in tact ● Dec 1863 Proclamation on amnesty and reconstruction: an effort to bring certain areas of the confederacy back into the union (West tennessee and nola) The HOR and Senate have final say on if the elected officials can actually keep their spot. Lincoln could forgive because Sherman could destroy. (Lenient Reconstruction) Attempted to supercede Lincoln's bill on Lenient Reconstruction; When more than half of the adult male pop swear the ironclad oath that they never voluntarily supported the confederacy, then y9ou can consider rejoining the union. WilksBooth is allowed through security in the theatre bc he is a minimally known actor. Lincoln replaced by Andrew Johnson (from Tenn) Former slaves must be given political rights,because otherwise you will create a permanent underclass and your gov will fail Black codes: visibly designed to return the former slaves to a state as near to slavery as possible. Offenses were written into law that were crimes for blacks, but not for whites. Required every adult black male at the beginning of the year to have an employment contract for the upcoming year. It stipulates that he will stay at a specific job, not try to change that job. Means to keep blacks in the same state they were in before the war Civil Rights Act of 1866: Passed through both houses of congress over AJ’s veto that said all men born in the US are citizens and all men who are citizens are entitled to equal protection of the law. (No white/black laws). Reconstruction Act of 1867: Lead to AJ impeachment; Tenure of Office Act: Any official confirmed by the senate may not be removed w/o the consent of the senate; put in place to make sure AJ does not fire Edward Stanton; replaces him with Ulysses Grant; Edwin Stanton: proreconstruction; radical; Why Tenure of Office Act is passed at same 14th Amendment: Civil Rights Act of 1866: all men born in the US are citizens and citizens all have the same rights under law; written explicitly to protect former slaves rights; not used like this; 15th Amendment: Cannot deny someone the right to vote bc of race. When the constitution was written, it was assumed that federal power destroyed liberty.
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