New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Ch 2 lecture notes

by: Alexa Cortez

Ch 2 lecture notes Hdfs 1300

Alexa Cortez

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Lecture notes. all the materials in the notes are going to be on the exam.
Dev of Contemporary Families
Erica F Jordan
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Dev of Contemporary Families

Popular in Human Dev And Family Sciences

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexa Cortez on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hdfs 1300 at University of Houston taught by Erica F Jordan in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Dev of Contemporary Families in Human Dev And Family Sciences at University of Houston.


Reviews for Ch 2 lecture notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/14/16
Research method: 2 basic types 1) QUANTITATIVE: uses numerical data to test a specifically defined hypothesis with an “if-then” statement in mind Hypothesis example: if children's parents divorce during early childhood, then their SAT scores will be lower than children whose parents remain married Experiment • Highly controlled study to determine if an independent variable has a  specific effect on a dependent variable • In a true experiment, the researcher has the power to manipulate the  independent variable and to control other variables in the environment. • Independent variable:  the factor that the researcher manipulates  (or changes) based on the experimental trial or the condition (or  group) that a subject is placed into • Dependent variable:  the factor that changes based on changes in  the independent variable (often called the outcome variable) • Control variables:  factors that remain constant across all  experimental trials/conditions Strengths  You can be more confident that the independent variable truly affects  the dependent variable (or truly does not)  Can make causal claims   Considered the respected ”gold standard” of research studies Limitations  Expensive  Time­consuming  Tight controls mean that the results might not translate to events in the  real world or to another context  Because experiment is highly controlled and the independent variable  must be manipulated by the researcher, experiments are inappropriate  for addressing some research objectives (i.e., cannot manipulate  whether or not people divorce, whether or not parents use spanking, or whether or not children become obese) Surveys  A relatively large number of people respond to questions by phone,  Internet, in person, or mail Strengths • Cheap • Can obtain large sample size, which make provide a more accurate representation of the population of interest and can allow a larger number of variables to be analyzed Limitations • Closed-ended questions mean people have to respond using only the predetermined answer choices—their preferred answer might not even be an option • Might not read survey completely or understand it • Social desirability- desire to be viewed positively— could influence responses (i.e., religious couples may have greater desire to be viewed in a positive light by researcher) • Participant may not be aware of their own behavior and so may be unable to respond accurately (i.e., many people cannot accurately report how they spend their money each day) Systematic Observations • Developing a plan for observing a specific type of situation to learn more about it and recording your observations in a systematic (organized and consistent) way • Can be conducted in natural settings or laboratory settings Advantages • Useful with children • Useful for observing behaviors that people are not aware they are engaging in (and cannot report them accurately) Limitations • Expensive • Time-consuming • People may behave differently if they are aware that they are being observed • People may behave differently in lab settings (if the study is conducted there) Secondary data analysis  Researcher analyzes data that has already been collected in a new  and different way Advantages  • Relatively cheap • Often existing data sets have large sample sizes • Often data is collected at multiple time points (often longitudinal) • Makes it easier to conduct your research “alone” (because much of  the work has already been done for you) Limitations  • Variables of interest might not be directly measured in the existing  data set • Variables may have been measured in less than ideal ways that  you would not have selected yourself • No data may exist on your topic at all in the data set 2)QUALITATIVE: explores/examines a particular research question using themes, often to gather more information about a topic. (Examine research questions by looking for themes in the data, often to provide more information about a newly studied topic) Research question example: How does divorce affect children’s academic achievement? Case study • Very detailed, in-depth examination of a single individual or a relatively small number of people • May include as little as one participant • Often used to examine rare circumstances or topics for which little research has been conducted Advantages • Provide much more detailed description about the individual or family and the surrounding context • Can help us learn more about rare situations—that would make a large sample size difficult to obtain--or new areas of research about which little is known Limitations • Results cannot be easily applied to the general population and may be specific to only a few people • Can be time-consuming Ethnography • Researcher attempts to immerse herself or himself into the lives of the group being studied • Often will live among the group or else will spend _large amounts of time with the group • Will make every attempt not to disrupt the normal behavior of the group Advantages • Rich, detailed information • Helpful for examining new areas of research about which little is known • Helpful for understanding environmental influences more deeply (e.g., how poverty may influence a family’s decision to engage in child prostitution) Limitations • Time-consuming • People do behave somewhat differentlyaround outsiders • Researcher might unwittingly change the group behavior • Results may be limited only to the group being studied (and not able to generalize to other groups) Focus group  Open­ended discussion of a small group of informants in which the  researcher asks several predetermined questions to learn more about  the groups’ perspective on a topic Advantages  • Relatively cheap • Can be used to involve informants in the process of generating  new hypotheses or research questions Limitations • Small group may not generalize to other perspectives • Requires a skilled group facilitator for valid data. Otherwise, the answers might be biased by the way in which the questions were asked. Multiple methods can be combined to produce a “mixed-methods study.” Below is one example of many possibilities for a mixed- methods study. Many contemporary studies fall under this category. They have similar advantages and limitations, but have the added dimension of greater complexity. Experiment: randomly assign couples to groups of either premarital counseling or no premarital counseling and compare the two groups’ satisfaction after 1 year of marriage; control for factors such as the quality and length of the counseling sessions Systematic Observation: observe couples who completed premarital counseling and couples who did not complete premarital counseling and look for indicators about marital satisfaction Mixed-methods study Does Premarital Counseling Help Lead to More Satisfying Marriages? Quantitative: • Experiment: randomly assign couples to groups of either premarital counseling or no premarital counseling and compare the two groups’ satisfaction after 1 year of marriage; control for factors such as the quality and length of the counseling sessions, education, and income • Survey: survey couples who had premarital counseling and couples who didn’t have premarital counseling and compare their current levels of marital satisfaction • Systematic Observation: observe couples who completed premarital counseling and couples who did not complete premarital counseling and look for indicators about marital satisfaction • Secondary Data Analysis: contact an organization who studies marriages to determine if they have data on premarital counseling completion and marital satisfaction; look for relations in the data Qualitative • Case Study: conduct an in-depth interview of a couple who completed premarital counseling to see if they found it helpful and if they think it led to more satisfaction in their marriage • Ethnography: accompany a couple to premarital counseling then spend a significant amount of time with them in the months afterward, observing their behavior, noting whether they incorporate things they learned in counseling, and noting their social context • Focus Group: conduct a focus group of couples who completed premarital counseling and ask their opinions about the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of their premarital counseling


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.