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Ch 3 lecture notes

by: Alexa Cortez

Ch 3 lecture notes Hdfs 1300

Alexa Cortez

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Lecture notes. All materials in the notes are on the exam.
Dev of Contemporary Families
Erica F Jordan
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexa Cortez on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hdfs 1300 at University of Houston taught by Erica F Jordan in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Dev of Contemporary Families in Human Dev And Family Sciences at University of Houston.

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Date Created: 09/14/16
HDFS 1300 Ch 3 What is communication?   Communication - Using speech, signals, or writing to exchange ideas with one another; “…conveying verbal and nonverbal information to another person” (p. 45). 3 General Categories of Communication: • _Verbal_ communication (speaking, using language) • _Visual_ communication (images, reading) • _Nonverbal_ communication (facial expressions, gestures, body language) In contradictory situations, nonverbal communication is relied upon most. Communication Styles May Vary May Vary by Personality Type: • Analytical • Driver • Amiable • Expressive A host of other factors may also influence communication. May Vary by Gender: Popular sources can sometimes inflate gender differences in communication. Nevertheless, there do seem to be some general differences. However, most researchers argue that they are due to _gender socialization_ based on common gender roles in our society and not due to genetics How is Communication Interpreted?   How we interpret communication may be influenced by factors such as: • Individual perceptions • Emotions • Cognition (or reasoning) What is interpersonal communication? Interpersonal Communication • Verbal and nonverbal messages exchanged by two or more people • There are many styles of interpersonal communication present in families. Family members must work hard to adapt their interpersonal communication styles and to correctly interpret different styles. Basic components of interpersonal communication: • _Sender_ (person who conveys a message) • _Communication channel_ (method of communication, such as speaking or writing) • _Receiver_ (person who interprets the message) Common Interpersonal Styles: Style Explanation Controlling sender does not allow receiver to share Egalitarian sender encourages feedback from the receiver Dynamic sender uses motivational phrases to encourage the receiver Relinquishi receiver is invited to participate as much as sender ng Withdrawal sender or receiver demonstrate no interest in interacting What is conflict?   An _inevitable_ aspect of interpersonal communication that behaviors; can strengthen or weaken relationships depending on how it’s handled 3 General Styles of Dealing with conflict: 2. Solution orientation (most productive) 3. Nonconfrontation Common Problem Areas in Communicationtrain family dynamics? Problem Example Criticism/Charac “You always leave food on the dishes whenever you wash them. ter Accusations You are so incompetent.” Defensiveness “At least I wash the dishes! That’s more than I can say for you. You never do them.” Stonewalling Silence; Refusal to engage in discussion or communication Gunnysacking “Sure, you do the dishes, but do you ever do anything else? Last week, I cooked all the meals and mowed the lawn. For the past month, I have picked the kids up from daycare. I help with their homework with no assistance from you. Last year, you even left town for the weekend, leaving me to do it all!” Competition “Oh please, I do WAY more than you around this house AND I make more money!” Blaming and “It’s your fault I had to quit my job to stay home with the kids for Avoiding the first few years like you wanted.” responsibility Criticism/Charac “No, you are just too irresponsible to get another job. ter Accusations Irresponsible, and incompetent, like I said about the dishes.” Potential Solutions: What are we suppose to do? • Communicate _often_ • Be _clear and direct_ (say what you mean and stick to the point at hand) • Be _honest_ but also kind • Be willing to listen without _prejudice_ (without thinking you already know what the other person is going to say or jumping to conclusions) • Express positive communication: Gottman recommends a _5:1 ratio of positive:negative_ -Complimenting -Encouraging • _Avoid “you”_ statements • Avoid _”always” or “never”__ • Avoid _namecalling_ and __criticism__ • Engage in _active_listening -Listen carefully -Ask questions -Observe nonverbals -Strive to understand the other person’s point of view


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