GEOG 1001 9.14.16
GEOG 1001 9.14.16 Geog 1001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melanie Basinger on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geog 1001 at University of Cincinnati taught by Nicholas Dunning in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Physical Geography in Geography at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Introduction to Physical Geography 9.14.16 Climates Broadest Categories Tropical: climate is generally warm throughout the year Mesothermal (mild temperature): midlatitudes; four seasons; mild winters Microthermal (cold temperature): mid to high latitudes; cold winters; deciduous/coniferous or boreal forest Polar Highland/Tundra: high latitudes and polar regions, and high elevations at all latitudes Arid (dry): permanent moisture deficit at all latitudes Two ways of characterizing climate Koppen (do not need to know) Koppen – Geiger (need to know) Tropical (A) Climates Average temperature all months >/= 64.4° F (often much higher) Found from 0° to 15-20° N/S latitude; belt straddling equator Not extremely hot, but lack of cold (no winter) Warm year round as solar inclination very high Very moist, convectional precipitation (ITCZ), onshore Trade Winds Thus, fundamental characteristics determined by latitude Tropical Rainforest (Wet Equatorial) Climate – Af Climate Annual temp range ~ 5° F, less than daily temp range (unique) Very humid; daily convectional precipitation in midafternoon from ITCZ Equatorial rainforest vegetation, nutrient poor soils Source region of world’s largest rivers Tropical Savannah Climate – Aw Climate Wet-dry tropical climate with winter drought Rainy season associated with ITCZ, dry season with STH Savanna vegetation, tall grass and some shrubs/trees Tropical Monsoon Climate – Am Climate Results from seasonal reversal of wind direction due to changes in dominating pressure systems 10-20” per month for 2-4 months, period of winter drought Wet-dry tropical vegetation QUIZ QUESTION #18: Tropical Monsoon and Tropical Savannah Climates are distinguished from Tropical Rainforest Climates by…. Highly seasonal precipitation Subtropical and Marine West Coast Climates (C) Found in mid-latitudes Distinct seasons, mixing of tropical and polar air masses Mild winters, hot-warm summers Humid Subtropical Climate (Cfa) SE region of major landmasses from 25-40° N/S latitude Precipitation max in summer due to tropical cyclonic precipitation High summer humidity Mild Winters Columbia, South Carolina and Nagasaki, Japan and Chengdu, China (Monsoon Effect) QUIZ QUESTION #19: Which of the following statements about humid subtropical climates is true? East Asia precipitation is much more seasonal (dry/wet seasons) due to the Monsoon Effect Mediterranean Climate (Csa/b) West side of all major landmasses Modest annual precipitation in winter (MLCZ), summer drought (STH) Mild winters for latitude, hot (Csa) to warm (Csb) summers Frequent wildfires California and Seville, Spain Marine West Coast Climate (Cfb/c) Very mild climate for latitude, strong maritime influence Small annual temp range for latitude, cloudy No dry season New Zealand, Oregon, and British Columbia QUIZ QUESTION #20: The Pacific Northwest region is a moist environment because… The presence of high mountains, the presence of maritime air masses, and the prevailing wind direction at that latitude (Westerlies)
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