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Parthenon and Ancient Rome

by: April Sapp

Parthenon and Ancient Rome Art 100-02 (Introduction to Art)

April Sapp

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About this Document

These notes cover the Parthenon in Greece and Ancient Rom from the Roman Colosseum to the Pantheon.
Introduction to Art 100-02
Dr. Alexandra Dodson
Class Notes
Ancient Greece, Rome, ancient, pantheon, parthenon, The Parthenon, the roman empire, Roman, colosseum, Flavian, amphitheater
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by April Sapp on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 100-02 (Introduction to Art) at University of North Carolina - Greensboro taught by Dr. Alexandra Dodson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Art 100-02 in Art History at University of North Carolina - Greensboro.

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Date Created: 09/14/16
The Parthenon and Ownership ofArt Introduction toArt – Week 4 Parthenon • Temple dedicated to the goddess of wisdom,Athena Metope- a square sculpture between triglyphs in a frieze Acropolis Sculptures • Half of surviving sculptures removed and sent to England in 1801-1812 • In 1816, British Parliament purchases sculptures from Elgin, who was given permission to “take away any pieces of stone with old inscriptions or figures thereon” ◦ Document is lost; Elgin is believed to have essentially stole them • Displayed in the British Museum today. • Sculptures from the Parthenon are also found in other museums throughout Europe • Greece has been trying to get sculptures back ever since ◦ Acropolis Museum opened in 2009 Ancient Rome Introduction toArt – Week 4 Rome Empire lasted until the 5 century CE. 753 BCE – Rome founded by Romulus and Remus • Rome comes from the name, Romulus Aqueduct • Romans had been building aqueducts since 4 century BCE • No mortar was used; stones placed precisely to share weight in order to remain standing Roman Concrete • Recipe of “caemena” (small stones), lime mortar, volcanic sand, and water • Revolutionized the way concrete is used to build today • Concrete was durable and lighter than stone; allowed Romans to be more creative with structures Roman Colosseum • Called Colosseum because of Colossus statue that was on the grounds previous to the Colosseum • Hypogeum – floor of Colosseum where animals were kept Pantheon • Built under Emperor Hadrian • Pantheon – Pan “all” and theon “gods” • Is used as a Christian church today


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