HY 314 Week 4 Notes
HY 314 Week 4 Notes HY 314
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Miller on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 314 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Lawrence Kohl in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Coming of the Civil War in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
HY 314 Week 4 Notes 9/12-9/14 Democratstation of American Politics o 1 Party System Didn’t believe in democracy, believed in republicanism Nor did they believe in political parties Of the people, for the people, but not BY the people Property qualifications Gender and religious restrictions Age restrictions o Why do parties develop? Growing population Divisive and important issues Suffrage Expansion o Universal white male suffrage in 3 states in 1800; by 1830, only 3 states didn’t have universal suffrage for white males o Doing away with property and religious qualifications o By far the widest suffrage of anywhere in the world at this time so this is a huge achievement Why fear of expansion? o Rabble bring down great, create disorganization and chaos (Federalist) o Controlled by demagogues, rich people control them (Democratic Republicans) Why expand? o Better policy By allowing more people to vote, you get more perspectives o Greater attachment to the laws If you have a say in making the law, you’re more likely to adhere to it o Intrinsic right People came to believe that they had a right of say in their society Non-Deferential Electorate Stand vs. run for election o Stand – VA House of Burgesses Stand up and bow to the voter Did nothing, gave no speeches, just the obvious choices for election Most powerful guy gets chosen, who can do you the most good o People deferred to their betters o Gotta do things to get known Oral vs. written ballot o Written ballot meant you could afford to vote for whoever you wanted without fear of consequences Leaders vs. agents o If they give a speech, that implies a different relationship, putting more power in the hands of the people o “Trust me, I’ll make the right decision” o Agents are there to do the bidding of the people, not their own thing; speak for us o We still haven’t worked this out Political oratory o To be a great politician, you had to be a great speaker From caucus to convention o Don’t want outsiders deciding it More elected offices o Before, most offices were appointed o New campaign styles Emotion Got to convince people that it’s really really really important Entertainment Wasn’t shit to do so politics was entertaining Oratory Newspapers Pretty much every town had 2 newspapers that were totally partisan and made no effort to be objective Platforms o Why parties? To link like-minded representatives in government To link public with their representatives (and vice versa) Parties are an answer to key problems: How to get candidates? How to get known? How to gain support? How to agree on credentials 9/14/16 Politics of the Jacksonian Era o Views of Man Jacksonian Democrats Natural man, independent Whigs Great potential, associations Need for self-control Like original sin, white picket fence analogy Government associations could help people to do great things o Views of Society Dems. Natural association Threatened by artificial institutions o Like reform movements, banks, government, churches, etc. Whigs Society is an artificial construction, and because of this, it’s vulnerable Needed constant maintenance from artificial institutions o View of Government Dems. Largely a threat leave me alone! Keep it as small as possible Only good use of government is to defend against other things o Jackson and his veto power Whigs Activists Government can actually make people more free and ore equal Can enhance individual effort Believed that government could make life better for people without oppressing them Assist individuals to achieve their own ends o Government policy Slavery was not the central issue of the time 2ndparty system tried to keep slavery out of politics Both Whigs and Democrats were national parties and had the tendency to bind the country together Economic Issues Banks o Dems said they were a threat to liberty and equality, manipulated people, promote luxury and greed Tried to get rid of banks o Whigs said thy promoted rapid economic growth and prosperity, foundation of society Promoted equality because they gave loans way for poor people to get ahead Tariffs o Dems – only for revenue only bring in enough money to run the government o Whigs -tariff should be protective from foreign competition Would allow US to industrialize Create national independence and strength Engine of prosperity Internal improvements o Roads, canals, steamboats, etc. o To what degree should the government be involved? o Whigs – government should use tax moneys and lands to stimulate these improvements Enlightened Self-Interest If the government didn’t do it, then it wasn’t going to get done Encourages trade o Dems – some will benefit at other’s expense Keep it local Land policy o Dems – because they didn’t really believe in a developed society like the Whigs did, they wanted land cheaper, going westward, get the land in the hands of the people faster o Whigs – build up the East first, didn’t want people to live uncivilized lives Also feared speculators buying up all the land
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