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HY 314 Week 4 Notes

by: Victoria Miller

HY 314 Week 4 Notes HY 314

Victoria Miller

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These notes cover week 4 of Coming of the Civil War. Some of the notes are missing from Dr. Kohl's Monday lecture because he literally gave the same lecture two weeks ago so please refer back to We...
Coming of the Civil War
Dr. Lawrence Kohl
Class Notes
history, civilwar, andrew jackson, JacksonianDemocracy
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Miller on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 314 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Lawrence Kohl in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Coming of the Civil War in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 09/14/16
HY 314 Week 4 Notes 9/12-9/14  Democratstation of American Politics o 1 Party System  Didn’t believe in democracy, believed in republicanism  Nor did they believe in political parties  Of the people, for the people, but not BY the people  Property qualifications  Gender and religious restrictions  Age restrictions o Why do parties develop?  Growing population  Divisive and important issues  Suffrage  Expansion o Universal white male suffrage in 3 states in 1800; by 1830, only 3 states didn’t have universal suffrage for white males o Doing away with property and religious qualifications o By far the widest suffrage of anywhere in the world at this time so this is a huge achievement  Why fear of expansion? o Rabble bring down great, create disorganization and chaos (Federalist) o Controlled by demagogues, rich people control them (Democratic Republicans)  Why expand? o Better policy  By allowing more people to vote, you get more perspectives o Greater attachment to the laws  If you have a say in making the law, you’re more likely to adhere to it o Intrinsic right  People came to believe that they had a right of say in their society  Non-Deferential Electorate  Stand vs. run for election o Stand – VA House of Burgesses  Stand up and bow to the voter  Did nothing, gave no speeches, just the obvious choices for election  Most powerful guy gets chosen, who can do you the most good o People deferred to their betters o Gotta do things to get known  Oral vs. written ballot o Written ballot meant you could afford to vote for whoever you wanted without fear of consequences  Leaders vs. agents o If they give a speech, that implies a different relationship, putting more power in the hands of the people o “Trust me, I’ll make the right decision” o Agents are there to do the bidding of the people, not their own thing; speak for us o We still haven’t worked this out  Political oratory o To be a great politician, you had to be a great speaker  From caucus to convention o Don’t want outsiders deciding it  More elected offices o Before, most offices were appointed o New campaign styles  Emotion  Got to convince people that it’s really really really important  Entertainment  Wasn’t shit to do so politics was entertaining  Oratory  Newspapers  Pretty much every town had 2 newspapers that were totally partisan and made no effort to be objective  Platforms o Why parties?  To link like-minded representatives in government  To link public with their representatives (and vice versa)  Parties are an answer to key problems:  How to get candidates?  How to get known?  How to gain support?  How to agree on credentials 9/14/16  Politics of the Jacksonian Era o Views of Man  Jacksonian Democrats  Natural man, independent  Whigs  Great potential, associations  Need for self-control  Like original sin, white picket fence analogy  Government associations could help people to do great things o Views of Society  Dems.  Natural association  Threatened by artificial institutions o Like reform movements, banks, government, churches, etc.  Whigs  Society is an artificial construction, and because of this, it’s vulnerable  Needed constant maintenance from artificial institutions o View of Government  Dems.  Largely a threat  leave me alone!  Keep it as small as possible  Only good use of government is to defend against other things o Jackson and his veto power  Whigs  Activists  Government can actually make people more free and ore equal  Can enhance individual effort  Believed that government could make life better for people without oppressing them  Assist individuals to achieve their own ends o Government policy  Slavery was not the central issue of the time  2ndparty system tried to keep slavery out of politics  Both Whigs and Democrats were national parties and had the tendency to bind the country together  Economic Issues  Banks o Dems said they were a threat to liberty and equality, manipulated people, promote luxury and greed  Tried to get rid of banks o Whigs said thy promoted rapid economic growth and prosperity, foundation of society  Promoted equality because they gave loans  way for poor people to get ahead  Tariffs o Dems – only for revenue only bring in enough money to run the government o Whigs -tariff should be protective from foreign competition  Would allow US to industrialize  Create national independence and strength  Engine of prosperity  Internal improvements o Roads, canals, steamboats, etc. o To what degree should the government be involved? o Whigs – government should use tax moneys and lands to stimulate these improvements  Enlightened Self-Interest  If the government didn’t do it, then it wasn’t going to get done  Encourages trade o Dems – some will benefit at other’s expense  Keep it local  Land policy o Dems – because they didn’t really believe in a developed society like the Whigs did, they wanted land cheaper, going westward, get the land in the hands of the people faster o Whigs – build up the East first, didn’t want people to live uncivilized lives  Also feared speculators buying up all the land


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