Week 4: Wednesday
Week 4: Wednesday PSYC 2500-001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hinds Notetaker on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2500-001 at East Tennessee State University taught by Robin Leonard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Behavior Analysis in Psychology at East Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Common Misconception: ignoring behavior gets rid of it o This is only true when attention has something to do with the behavior Factors influencing extinction 1. The schedule of reinforcement period to extinction 2. The occurrence of reinforcement following the initiation of extinction 3. Reinforcement of functionally-equivalent behaviors: behaviors that lead to same consequence a. Ex: Little johnny wants to play blocks- clock center is full- so he bites a little kid and makes him cry and gets to go in block center cause the kid is crying and not playing with blocks anymore- kid gets in trouble for doing that from the teacher- johnny wasn’t taught how to get a turn in blocks though- he needs to be taught the right way to do this by being taught the socially acceptable way to do this i. Little johnny needs to be rewarding for waiting and asking for a turn instead of consistently punishing him and not teaching the right way to get what he wants Punishment- Chapter 6 Defining punishment The occurrence of a behavior is followed immediately by a consequence so that the behavior is less likely to occur in the future punisher (an aversive stimulus): a consequence that follows behavior that results in a decrease in the future probability of a behavior o Adding something bad or taking away something good Ex: odis touches a hot skillet and immediately burns his hand A common misconception about punishment For most people, the purpose of punishment is not only to decrease behavior- there are elements of retaliation and retribution involved- “you got what you deserved” Behavior modification, the purpose of punishment and the decrease of behavior Positive Punishment: 1. Following the behavior: A punisher is applied or presented (it is called positive because it is Adding a consequence to the situation) a. Come up with creative ideas for punishment; making a child read something they don’t like; positive punishments don’t need to be physical i. If it has the effect of deterring behavior it is an effective punishment 2. The behavior is less likely to occur in the future Negative Punishment Following the behavior, a stimulus (reinforcer) is taken away which means you are less likely to behave in that way in the future (It’s negative because it is taking away the good stuff) o Ex: The government does this: when you do something wrong, you get fined; prison- taking away your freedom o Time out for kids (2 different types): taking them away from the reinforcing environment Response cost- [negative punishment]- taking away a specified amount of good stuff
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