QSX 101- 9/12 & 9/14
QSX 101- 9/12 & 9/14 QSX 111 - M001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cara-Liesel Ransom on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to QSX 111 - M001 at Syracuse University taught by Professor R. Riley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 73 views.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Monday 9/12: - Write an analytical essayon the readings assignedon the 21 .You don’t have to include ALL of the readings butyou have to more than one reading. Don’t summarize what you’ve read. - 3-page essay.Double spaced.You can use any citation butkeep it consistent. 1) What do the articles say? 2) What do they do? – inform, provide different perspective,raisingquestions, might argue something, advocatingfor something. 3) What do they make you think? – why have we never been exposed to this? Who benefits from the story being told a particular way? How do I lookat things differently now? Why do I feel uncomfortable ( if this the case?) - One paragraph to respond to “what do the articles say?”. This iswhere you organize your thoughts, setup a guideline;a“thesis”in a way. - Majority of the paper will be taken up by questions 2& 3. You can quote them if you want to. The professorwants to hear from you, not from the author. Keep itorganized. History and Identity Our Assumptions: 1. LGBT people –same sex desire – have existedthroughout time. 2. It is not constrained to any sort of nationalitiesor a certain “strain” of person. It happens to anyone, anywhere. 3. Nature or nurture is NOT the question.We aren’t concerned about that. What we are focused on is: 4. Legal rights and social status. LGBT history is incomplete.We have huge gaps where we know nothing. What happened to this history? 1. It was erased.If somethingbad happened within the same sex desire,naturally you want only the best lightshone. 2. It’s simplyignored.For example,there is the “rumor” that Abe Lincolnwas gay. Nothing you hear about in ourhistory books.There are the notes of Lincoln sleepingwith his secretary asthey travelled. 3. And, it’s beendestroyed.There is actual proof of historical collectionsdestroyed by the Nazis in 1933. 4. It has beenrepressed or marginalized.What’s existedin our pastand how it has been pushed to the side,ignored. 5. Overall,it has beenconstrained by the intolerance of both governments and academics.(There is no LGBThistorian here at SU. Glimpse into what actually is.) Investigation Into LGBThistory. It’s beendone, however, by activists,not scholars. Because of this it is not respected,there is no credibility.Until very recently,LGBT history has been seenas “controversial”to be pickedup in educational settings. (College graduate wanting to study this, “you can but there’s no job”type of setting.) Respectto those who have beencommitted for years to unveilingthe LGBT history. What did the early reclamationefforts looklike? 1. It ends up lookingpretty racist, slightly sexistand Eurocentric. QueerTheory The word “queer”is a word that can be opento controversy. Keep an openmind thus far. Discourse:(a language, a conversation,how we think about things. Literal definition is “a collectionof utterances”) 1. A discussionsocietyhas with itself. 2. A set of meaning making practices. There is not a single word for people who don’t fit gender norms that ispositive affirming, or complimentary.There is not a word that isneutral. You can’t even “practice” homosexualityifyou don’t fit a gender, so to speak.This being, the language of gender is highly political.Not in sense of government but in a sense that power isin work all the time. Language is not transparent: 1. It is about power,identity, and difference. 2. Everydaylanguage is not innocent or neutral.(“that’s gay” “no homo”) 3. For example,the word “terrorist”. We procure an image of a darker skinnedman wishing the US or Europe harm. While white men can do something terrifying, but we don’t call them terrorists. 4. There’s the questions of lifestyle.That you have CHOSEN this life.First question: why would someone want to choose a lifestyle of hardship.This also means if you can choose this lifestyle you can un-choose it. 5. There is persuasion.That you have been misguided,that you have been taken to the side and been persuaded and taught of who to love and who to desire. Similarly,parents think that you can send them and reteach them, persuade them of a different, heterosexual lifestyle.“Praythe gay away.” 6. In some sense,LGBT people become onlybasedon their desires.That everything aboutthem is reduced to sex. They have no job,no family. It’s justsame sex desire. 7. “Gay tendencies.”What does that mean? More like a hobby,that it tends to happen. Less of a choice,something that sporadicallyhappens. 8. “Normal.” What is normal? What is the level ofnormal and how do you achieve that? 9. “Abnormal.” If everything is in this category of normal and there is three people outside of it,it doesn’t feel that great. 10. “Natural.” If it’s not natural, it’s immoral. 11. “Moral.” Things that are natural are moral.A kind of puttingof things that are moral is something that we agree on. Whose morality are we actuallytalking about? Language favors sameness: 1. What is unique often goes unnamed. 2. Gender can be a language,as a systemof meanings and symbols. 3. Language can fail us in describingand identifyingthe mostunique thing about us:our bodies.There is no way to celebrate uniqueness. Words and meanings actuallywork because of a process of exclusion: 1. With gender, we form idealized templated for what isperfectly masculine or feminine by excludingwhatever doesn’t fit – the queer, the different, the gay, the lesbian,the trans. 2. Once you have idealized templates,you have to make these efforts to keep genders intact by policing,movingand redesigningthem. (woman being allowed to joincombat.) Any bodies that might shake the binaries by combining meanings are excluded: 1. Intersex or transgender. 2. All practices that are not easilynamed are assumednot to exist or to be make believe.Verycloselywith the transgender community. People questionthe validityof how they feel because itcannot be seen.This is fallback on biology and nature, especiallyonthe trans community. The feminine men, the butch woman these are said to be merelyimitations of a genderand not a thing. Same with cross dressers. 3. These people are described as what they are NOT. 4. Descriptions of these people require an act or erasure or replacement. To be an unwomanly woman or an unmanly man, it requires an act of rebellion,a willingness to fly in the face of language,reason and meaning. History of Queer 1. Word used to signifysomething strange. 2. To refer to negative characteristics. 3. Abusive slang for homosexual. 4. They want “queer”to be a celebratory word. To denote one’s “strangeness” positively. 5. Queerhas become an umbrellaterm to signifygay, lesbian,transgender, bi- sexual,cross-dressers,intersex, very fill in the blank. LGBT historians set the groundwork for queertheory by always strenuouslycontesting categories. Wednesday 9/14/16 Lookingat the graph: I. Percentages among Heterosexually-Identified Men a. No, and I would never: 82% b. Yes,and I enjoyed myself:7% c. Yes,and I didn’t enjoymyself: 6% d. No, but I would like to: 5% II. Percentages among Heterosexually-Identified Women a. No, and I would never: 49% b. Yes,and I enjoyed myself:26% c. Yes,and I didn’t enjoymyself: 7% d. No, but I would like to: 18% Food for Thought: What makes romantic desire take precedent overerotic desire? EssentialismvConstructionism *Todaywas a conversation heavy day.Make sure to read the readings assigned on Blackboard to understand what was discussed in class. In a nutshell, we touched upon the differences in sexuality, gender, and identity.