Lecture 9/13/16 History 190
Minnesota State University, Mankato
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marina Rodriguez on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 190 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Melodie Andrews in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see United States to 1877 in History at Minnesota State University - Mankato.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
History 190 Lecture 9/13/16 THE GREAT AWAKENING First colonial and unifying experience Johnathon Edwards- embraced John Locke’s ideas that everything is learned from the moment we are born. o He wanted his congregations to acquire knowledge about god and the gospel “New Lights”: people who went out to preach the gospel on their own, and started establishing new churches. “Old Lights”: People who didn’t like the way the new lights were acting, preaching, and that they were creating new churches. George Whitefield- along with Edwards, gave fire and brimstone sermons. He traveled around the colonies to speak in front of thousands of people. Results of the great awakening: o New denominations o Greater separation between church and state o New colleges o Greater sense of self-worth o Undermined the authority of the old clergy o New forms of communication COLONIAL SOCIETY AT MID-CENTURY “Parent-Child” relationship: Great Britain was like the parent to the colonies, which was the child. They spoke in that way of each other. o Colonies are the “maturing child” who’s trying to gain independence, which cause G.B. to assert authority like a parent would to a child. Navigation Acts: Laws for trade o All trade to and from colonies has to go through England o Goods that could only be traded with England are “enumerated goods” Ex: tobacco, indigo, sugar, molasses, rice o Colonists couldn’t sell things to other countries o Colonists started smuggling to make more money The right to vote was much more widely available in the colonies o To vote, you had to own land, which there was more land for people to own in the colonies, vs G.B. Direct representation vs Virtual representation (indirect) o Colonies had direct rep. o G.B. had virtual representation They said there was equal representation, but it was never really there. Salutary Neglect: “beneficial neglect” o G.B. neglected the colonies for them to mature politically and economically. Empire of Theory: Parliaments authority is supreme and cannot be restricted or limited by anyone. (Great Britain) 2 Empire of Fact: an empire of self-regulating parts. (colonies) o Self-government o Only colonial assemblies could take taxes from the people they represented 3
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