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Principles of Learning Psychology

by: Renee Kisic

Principles of Learning Psychology 407

Marketplace > Coastal Carolina University > Psychology > 407 > Principles of Learning Psychology
Renee Kisic
GPA 3.7
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About this Document

These notes cover the material covered in class from chapter 2. Since we missed so much class, I will be posting a study guide with information from the book.
Principles of Learning
Dr. Bernard Albiniak
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Renee Kisic on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 407 at Coastal Carolina University taught by Dr. Bernard Albiniak in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Principles of Learning in Psychology at Coastal Carolina University.


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Date Created: 09/14/16
Friday, September 2, 2016 Research Methods • all sciences use these research methods Learning (four techniques) 1. Naturalistic Observation (observational) 2. Case Study (observational) 3. Control Group Studies (experimental) 4. Single Subject Designs (experimental) experimental research: - most used - causation, identity - only method used to discover causation 1. random assignment - gives two roughly equivalent groups 2. manipulate a variable - independent variable is the cause - DV: measured variable 3. control all extraneous variables (any variable that could affect DV) (confound variable) 1 Friday, September 2, 2016 Example of experimental research: - Albino rats - the organ of learning is the brain - omega 3 fatty acids make fatty acids fluid, which improves brain function - Hypothesis: Babies with omega 3s will outperform babies without it 1. Took 2 female rats of the same age (25 years) 2. Fed one female corn oil and one female fish oil (omega 3) 3. The females were then bred with the same male and were continued to be fed the corn oil and fish oil throughout their pregnancies (21 days) and the babies are fed it when they are born 4. The babies are tested at 60 days to see if the babies with fish oil outperform those with corn oil 5. Used the Morris Water Maze (place learning): The goal is for the rats to find the clear platform under the water. On the 6th day of testing, the platform is removed and the rats who stay in the area of the platform (omega 3 babies) are outperforming the rats who left when they didn't find the platform (corn oil babies) 2 Wednesday, September 2, 2016 Research Methods Scientific Method: 1. Identify “problem” 2. Read all publications on subject; improve knowledge 3. Formulate a hypothesis: prediction (theoretical) 4. Design a study 5. Data collection 6. Analysis of data: statistics 7. Conclusion • variable: a characteristic of a person, place, or thing that can change overtime or from one situation to another ex: body weight ex of a psychological variable: introvert • constant: doesn’t change ex: genetic gender • independent variable (IV): a manipulated variable (only experimental studies have an independent variable) • dependent variable (DV): aspect of behavior of the participants that is measured once it is imposed on them • functional relationship: relationship between changes in IV and in DV 1 Wednesday, September 2, 2016 Example: CPAP machine - machine used to help sleep apnea patients breathe at night - out of 14 nights, how many nights do they NOT use the machine? - CRP: indicator of how inflamed body is (use this to see effect of not using machine) - the more times you choose not to use CPAP, the CRP levels will go up (this is a functional relationship, the IV is the CPAP and the DV is the levels of CRP) stimulus: any event that can potentially influence behavior; defect stimulus by • sensation • response: particular instance of behavior 2


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